-al

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Latin adjective suffix -ālis, or French, Middle French and Old French -el, -al. Likely, the aforementioned Latin suffix is formed from Etruscan genitive suffix -l (as in Etruscan ati (mother) / atial (mother's)) + adjectival suffix -is (as in fortis, dēbilis, etc.).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. Of or pertaining to. Adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    base + ‎-al → ‎basal
    cranium + ‎-al → ‎cranial
  2. Forming nouns, especially of verbal action.
    propose + ‎-al → ‎proposal
    deny + ‎-al → ‎denial
Usage notes[edit]

If the root word contains l, the variant -ar is often used instead (e.g. solar, lunar, columnar, lumbar). Sometimes both forms are found: linear, lineal. One also sees -ial, as in manorial.

As nominalizer, some verbs have two corresponding nouns, one ending in -al and the other in -tion/-sion (more common suffix), with one or the other being more common, sometimes with different nuances. Notable examples: disposition/disposal (dispose), proposition/proposal (propose), submission/submittal (submit), transmission/transmittal (transmit). Some superficial pairs are actually of different origin, notably reversion/reversal (revert/reverse, not both from reverse).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Extracted from the word aldehyde.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) Forms the names of aldehydes.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Abenaki[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. A suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words.
    pessimen (currant)pessimenal (currants)
    wôbigen (it is white)wôbigenal (they are white)

Usage notes[edit]

  • -al is the most common suffix used to form the plurals of inanimate words, including most body parts and some words ending in the vowel a.
  • See the usage notes at -ak.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al (feminine -ala, masculine plural -als, feminine plural -ales)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation.
    estructura (structure)estructural (structural).

Derived terms[edit]



Danish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. (organic chemistry) -al

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Esperanto[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. for [...] reason (ending for correlatives of reason)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, from Old French -al, borrowed from Latin -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also)

Derived terms[edit]



German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -ālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. pertaining to, using; adjectival suffix appended to nouns

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

-a- +‎ -l

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. (verb suffix) Added to a noun to form a verb.
    szárny (a wing)szárnyal (to soar)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun (no longer productive in this role).
    von (to pull)vonal (line)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (verb suffix) Variants:
    -l is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final long vowels may shorten, e.g. űü.
    -ol is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -al is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -el is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öl is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ál is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (noun suffix) Variants:
    -al is added to back vowel words
    -el is added to front vowel words

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Lepontic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al (-al)

  1. Romanization of -𐌀𐌋

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -al, from Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. -al (of or pertaining to; adjectival suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form)

Derived terms[edit]



Novial[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. Short form of -ali.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Remove the last vowel (except 'u') of the given noun before appending this suffix to it.

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. suffix used to form adjectives from nouns
    mesnaldomestic; household
    (from mesnee)

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: -al

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese -al, from Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-al (plural -ais)

  1. appended to noun X, forms adjectives meaning “of or pertaining to X”
    abismo (abyss) + ‎-al → ‎abismal (abyssal; abysmal)
    indústria (factory; industry) + ‎-al → ‎industrial (industrial)
  2. forms synonyms of adjectives containing the suffix -ico
    angélico (angelic) + ‎-al → ‎angelical (angelical)
  3. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a collection X” or “a large quantity of X”
    ninho (nest) + ‎-al → ‎ninhal (a bunch of nests)
    edito (edict) + ‎-al → ‎edital (notice board)
  4. appended to noun X, forms nouns meaning “a place where there is plenty of X”
    pedra (rock) + ‎-al → ‎pedregal (a rocky field)
    colmeia (beehive) + ‎-al → ‎colmeal (a place with many beehives)
  5. appended to the name of a plant, forms nouns meaning “a field where that plant is cultivated”
    trigo (wheat) + ‎-al → ‎trigal (wheatfield)
    sobreiro (cork oak) + ‎-al → ‎sobreiral (an orchard of cork oaks)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the first syllable of álcool (alcohol) and aldeído (aldehyde).

Suffix[edit]

-al m

  1. (chemistry) forms the names of alcohols
  2. (chemistry) forms the names of aldehydes

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ālis.

Suffix[edit]

-al (plural -ales)

  1. In adjectives, indicating relation
    cultura (culture) + ‎-al → ‎cultural (cultural).
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    maíz (corn) + ‎-al → ‎maizal (corn field)
    naranja (orange) + ‎-al → ‎naranjal (orange grove)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (indicating a place): -ar

Derived terms[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-al

  1. -al, of or pertaining to; forming an adjective from a noun

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]