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See also: alis, Alis, and -ális


Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *-li-, which later dissimilated into an early version of -aris. Perhaps connected to *h₂el- (to grow) (cf. the sense of indolēs, from this root).



-ālis (neuter -āle); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. Used to form adjectives of relationship from nouns or numerals.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ālis is added (usually, but not exclusively) to a noun or numeral to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

anima (life) + ‎-alis → ‎animālis (living)
duo (two) + ‎-alis → ‎duālis (that contains two)
nātūra (nature) + ‎-alis → ‎nātūrālis (natural)
rēx (king, ruler) + ‎-alis → ‎rēgālis (regal, royal)

If the root word ends in -l or -lis, -āris is generally used instead. Sometimes both forms are found; e.g., līneālis and līneāris.


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia
Genitive -ālis -ālium
Dative -ālī -ālibus
Accusative -ālem -āle -ālēs
Ablative -ālī -ālibus
Vocative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia

Derived terms[edit]


  • Aromanian: -alji, -alj
  • Catalan: -al, -alla
  • English: -al
  • French: -al, -el, -aille
  • Friulian: -âl, -ae
  • Galician: -al
  • German: -al
  • Italian: -ale, -aglia