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See also: alis, Alis, and -ális


Alternative forms[edit]


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-ālis m, f ‎(neuter -āle); third declension

  1. Used to form adjectives of relationship from nouns or numerals.


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia
genitive -ālis -ālium
dative -ālī -ālibus
accusative -ālem -āle -ālēs -ālia
ablative -ālī -ālibus
vocative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ālis is added to a noun or numeral to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

duo ‎(two) + ‎-alis → ‎duālis ‎(that contains two)
nātūra ‎(nature) + ‎-alis → ‎nātūrālis ‎(natural)
rēx ‎(king, ruler) + ‎-alis → ‎rēgālis ‎(regal, royal)

If the root word ends in -l or -lis, -āris is generally used instead. Sometimes both forms are found; e.g., līneālis and līneāris.

Derived terms[edit]