-alis

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See also: alis, Alis, and -ális

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-li-, which later dissimilated into an early version of -āris. Perhaps connected to *h₂el- (to grow) (cf. the sense of indolēs, from this root).

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ālis (neuter -āle); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. Used to form adjectives of relationship from nouns or numerals.

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ālis is added (usually, but not exclusively) to a noun or numeral to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

Examples:
anima (breath) + ‎-ālis → ‎animālis (breath vessel)
crūra (legs) + ‎-ālis → ‎crūrālis (leggings)
pedēs (feet) + ‎-ālis → ‎pedālis (socks)
duo (two) + ‎-ālis → ‎duālis (that contains two)
rēx (king, ruler) + ‎-ālis → ‎rēgālis (regal, royal)
nātūra (nature) + ‎-ālis → ‎nātūrālis (natural)

If the root word ends in -l or -lis, -āris is generally used instead. Sometimes both forms are found; e.g., līneālis and līneāris.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia
Genitive -ālis -ālium
Dative -ālī -ālibus
Accusative -ālem -āle -ālēs
-ālīs
-ālia
Ablative -ālī -ālibus
Vocative -ālis -āle -ālēs -ālia

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]