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Etymology 1[edit]

Form of -ālis with dissimilation of -l- to -r- after roots containing an l.

Alternative forms[edit]


-āris (neuter -āre); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. Used to form an adjective, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -āris is added to a noun to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

mīlitāris (military, of a soldier), from mīles (soldier)
oculāris (ocular, of the eye), from oculus (eye)
sōlāris (solar, of the sun), from sōl (sun)

If the root word or its stem does not contain an l, then the form -ālis generally is used instead. Sometimes both forms are found, e.g. līneālis and līneāris, from līnea (line).


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
Genitive -āris -ārium
Dative -ārī -āribus
Accusative -ārem -āre -ārēs
Ablative -ārī -āribus
Vocative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • Catalan: -ar
  • English: -ar, -ary
  • French: -aire
  • Galician: -ar
  • Italian: -are
  • Occitan: -ar
  • Portuguese: -ar
  • Spanish: -ar

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Alternative forms[edit]



  1. second-person singular present passive indicative of (first conjugation)