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See also: aris, arış, arís, and Āris



Etymology 1[edit]

Form of -ālis with dissimilation of -l- to -r- after roots containing an l.

Alternative forms[edit]


-āris m, f (neuter -āre); third declension

  1. Used to form an adjective, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -āris is added to a noun to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

mīlitāris(military, of a soldier), from mīles(soldier)
oculāris(ocular, of the eye), from oculus(eye)
sōlāris(solar, of the sun), from sōl(sun)

If the root word or its stem does not contain an l, then the form -ālis generally is used instead. Sometimes both forms are found, e.g. līneālis and līneāris, from līnea(line).


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
genitive -āris -ārium
dative -ārī -āribus
accusative -ārem -āre -ārēs -āria
ablative -ārī -āribus
vocative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See -ō³(suffix forming regular first-conjugation verbs).

Alternative forms[edit]



  1. second-person singular present passive indicative of