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See also: aris, arış, arís, and Āris



Etymology 1[edit]

Form of -ālis with dissimilation of -l- to -r- after roots containing an l.

Alternative forms[edit]


-āris m or f (neuter -āre); third declension

  1. Used to form an adjective, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -āris is added to a noun to form an adjective of relationship to that noun.

mīlitāris (military, of a soldier), from mīles (soldier)
oculāris (ocular, of the eye), from oculus (eye)
sōlāris (solar, of the sun), from sōl (sun)

If the root word or its stem does not contain an l, then the form -ālis generally is used instead. Sometimes both forms are found, e.g. līneālis and līneāris, from līnea (line).


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
Genitive -āris -āris -ārium -ārium
Dative -ārī -ārī -āribus -āribus
Accusative -ārem -āre -ārēs, -ārīs -āria
Ablative -ārī -ārī -āribus -āribus
Vocative -āris -āre -ārēs -āria
Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See -ō³ (suffix forming regular first-conjugation verbs).

Alternative forms[edit]



  1. second-person singular present passive indicative of