-ar

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -aris ‎(of, pertaining to)

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Of, near, or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    line, linear
    alveolus, alveolar
    column, columnar
Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

If the root word ends in r, the variant -al is often used instead. Sometimes both forms are used: linear, lineal.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -arius or French -aire

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as vicar, exemplar, bursar, etc.

Etymology 3[edit]

Alteration of -er or -or

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Forming nouns such as beggar, liar, pedlar, etc.

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārius. Compare Daco-Romanian -ar.

Suffix[edit]

-ar m

  1. suffix used to denote a profession or craft

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -aris ‎(of, pertaining to)

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. -ar; used to form adjectives of one form indicating that the noun that is modified by the adjective is pertaining to the root word used to form the adjective.
  2. Used to form nouns indicating where a given crop is grown.
  3. Used to form nouns indicating where something is usually found.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -āre.

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Used to form first conjugation verbs indicating an action related to the root word.

Derived terms[edit]



Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Romance, from Latin -āre.

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. This ending denotes the present infinitive form of a verb.

Derived terms[edit]



Interlingua[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Added to a noun root word, this forms a verb meaning to apply or make use of the root.
  2. Added to an adjectival root word, this forms a verb meaning to render/make (adjective) the object of the verb.

See also[edit]


Ngarrindjeri[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Suffix meaning many and used to denote a plural.
    mimini (woman) - miminar (women)

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Suffix of verbs of the first conjugation

Old Norse[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. plural
  2. possessive

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Portuguese -ar, from Latin -āre, infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. forms the impersonal infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 373:
      Devíamos fechar os olhos dele.
      We should close his eyes.
  2. forms the first-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
  3. forms the third-person singular infinitive of first-conjugation verbs
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Portuguese -ar, from Latin -aris.

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. forms adjectives from nouns, especially those that already contain an L; -ar
Synonyms[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ārius.

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. suffix added to a word to denote a profession or craft, e.g. rotar (wheeler), olar (potter), măcelar (butcher), fierar (blacksmith), văcar (cowherd), porcar (swineherd) etc.

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-arjь.

Suffix[edit]

-ar (Cyrillic spelling -ар)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, person who does something or an animal.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -aris.

Suffix[edit]

-ar ‎(plural -ares)

  1. In adjectives, indicating membership or status
    gránulo ‎(granule) → granular ‎(granular)
    testículo ‎(testicle) → testicular ‎(testicular)
  2. In nouns, indicating a place where something is grown
    sandía ‎(watermelon) → sandiar ‎(watermelon patch)
    haba ‎(bean) → habar ‎(bean patch)
Synonyms[edit]
  • (indicating a place): -al
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -āre, the infinitive ending of first conjugation verbs.

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. The infinitive suffix for many verbs.
Conjugation[edit]

See: Appendix:Spanish verbs in -ar

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ar

  1. Suffix for the indefinite plural form of nouns of the second declension.
  2. Suffix for the present tense, active voice, indicative mood for the absolute majority of Swedish verbs.

Usage notes[edit]

For verbs, it is more customary to identify the -a of this 'suffix' as belonging to the stem of the verb, and thus only consider -r to be the suffix. However, the verbs which in present tense ends in the letters -ar are commonly called -ar-verbs, as to differentiate them from -er-verbs and verbs which doesn't end in -a in infinitive.