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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





From Gothic -𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐍃 (-āreis), from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz or from Latin -ārius. Proto-Slavic borrowed from Gothic both the derivations (e.g. *mytařь (tax collector) and *bukařь (scribe, literate man)) and their base forms (*myto (payment, gift) and *buky (beech; record; document) which enabled synchronic morphological segmentation of the borrowed denominals and finally an analogical generalization of the *-ařь suffix for forming other denominal nouns with agentive meaning, on the basis of non-borrowed nominal stems (e.g. *kľučařь on the basis of *kľučь, *zidařь on the basis of *zidъ).



*-ařь m

  1. -er; derives agent nouns, signifying someone who is connected to something, often by trade or profession.
    1. from nouns
      *myto + ‎*-ařь → ‎*mytařь
      *buky + ‎*-ařь → ‎*bukařь
      *ryba + ‎*-ařь → ‎*rybařь
      *kľučь + ‎*-ařь → ‎*kľučařь
    2. from verbs (the present stem)
      *vold- + ‎*-ařь → ‎*voldařь



Derived terms



  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -арь (-arĭ)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Old Cyrillic script: -ар҄ь (-arʹĭ)
      Glagolitic script: [Term?]
    • Bulgarian: -ар (-ar)
    • Macedonian: -ар (-ar)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic script: -ар
      Latin script: -ar
    • Slovene: -ar
  • West Slavic:

Further reading

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, number 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32