vostede

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Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since 1671 (bosastede). From the addressing form vosa mercede (your grace). Compare Catalan vostè, Portuguese você, Spanish usted.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

vostede m or f or sg (plural vostedes)

  1. (formal) you
    De onde é vostede?
    Where are you from? (formal)
    • 1697, José Gil Taboada, Grande loita de luceiros:
      Señora may (os luceyros
      Din) vostede s'afrontou
      Sen causa, porque esta loyta
      Ll'a de dar mais relumbros.
      Lady mother -the luminaries
      Say- your grace took offense
      With no motive, because this fight
      Will give you more shine

Usage notes[edit]

  • Although vostede is used as a second-person pronoun, it takes third-person verb forms and pronouns.

Synonyms[edit]

  • ti (informal or neutral)

References[edit]

  • vossa merçede” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • vosa merçe” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • vostede” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • vostede” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • vostede” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.