usted

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Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From vuestra merced (literally "your mercy" (etymological) or "your grace" (idiomatic)), an honorific style.[1] Compare with the Portuguese você.

Pronoun[edit]

usted m, f (plural ustedes)

  1. second person formal; you (singular)
  2. (Colombia, chiefly Bogotá) second person informal; you (singular)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Functionally, usted and ustedes are second person pronouns, but grammatically, the verbs they govern are conjugated in the third person. See Appendix:Spanish pronouns for details.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Gonge, Bob (2005), “El desarrollo de las variantes de vuestra merced a usted”, in Actas del II Congreso de la Región Noroeste de Europa de la Asociación de Lingüística y Filología de América Latina (ALFAL), ISSN 1139-8736