les

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les (plural leses)

  1. (slang, colloquial) Clipping of lesbian.

Adjective[edit]

les (comparative more les, superlative most les)

  1. (slang, colloquial) Clipping of lesbian.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch les (lesson), from Middle Dutch lesse, from Latin lēctiō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les (plural lesse, diminutive lesje)

  1. lesson

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ille (that one).

Pronoun[edit]

les

  1. them (indirect object)

Synonyms[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illas.

Article[edit]

les f pl (masculine sg el, feminine sg la, neuter sg lo, masculine plural los)

  1. (definite) the

Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin illās, from ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

les f pl (masculine plural els, masculine singular el, feminine singular la)

  1. the; feminine plural definite article

Pronoun[edit]

les (enclitic and proclitic)

  1. them (feminine, direct object)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin laesus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

les (feminine lesa, masculine plural lesos, feminine plural leses)

  1. (law) harmed
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les m inan

  1. forest

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

les c

  1. indefinite genitive singular of le

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch lesse, from Latin lēctiō.

Noun[edit]

les f (plural lessen, diminutive lesje n)

  1. course, lesson
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: les
  • Indonesian: les

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

les

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lessen
  2. imperative of lessen

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French les, from Old French les, from Latin illōs m and illās f which are the accusative plurals of ille.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

les

  1. plural of le: the
  2. plural of la: the

Usage notes[edit]

  • de les is never used: contracted into des.
  • à les is never used: contracted into aux.

Pronoun[edit]

les ?

  1. plural of le: them
  2. plural of la: them

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), “le, la, les”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

les

  1. second-person singular present indicative of ler

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

les

  1. (colloquial) First-person singular present of lesen.
  2. (colloquial) Imperative singular of lesen.

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Ugric *läćɜ (hiding place; lurk).[1][2] Cognates include Southern Mansi lǟš-', Northern Mansi lāś-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les (plural lesek)

  1. (soccer) offside

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative les lesek
accusative lest leseket
dative lesnek leseknek
instrumental lessel lesekkel
causal-final lesért lesekért
translative lessé lesekké
terminative lesig lesekig
essive-formal lesként lesekként
essive-modal
inessive lesben lesekben
superessive lesen leseken
adessive lesnél leseknél
illative lesbe lesekbe
sublative lesre lesekre
allative leshez lesekhez
elative lesből lesekből
delative lesről lesekről
ablative lestől lesektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lesé leseké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
leséi lesekéi
Possessive forms of les
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lesem leseim
2nd person sing. lesed leseid
3rd person sing. lese lesei
1st person plural lesünk leseink
2nd person plural lesetek leseitek
3rd person plural lesük leseik

Verb[edit]

les

  1. (transitive) to spy
  2. (transitive) to stare, goggle
  3. (transitive) to cheat at a test by looking at someone else's work

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1792 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les n (genitive singular less, nominative plural les)

  1. (linguistics) lexeme (set of inflected forms taken by a single word)
  2. (computing) lexeme (individual instance of a continuous character sequence without spaces, used in lexical analysis)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

les

  1. first-person singular of lesa (to read)
    Ég les mikið af þýskum bókum.
    I read a lot of German books.
  2. third-person singular of lesa (to read)
    Pálmi les alltaf sömu söguna, þótt hann eigi margar bækur.
    Pálmi always reads the same story, even though he has many books.

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch les (course, lesson).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛs]
  • Hyphenation: lès

Noun[edit]

lès (plural, first-person possessive lesku, second-person possessive lesmu, third-person possessive lesnya)

  1. (education, colloquial) cram school, private tuition.

Verb[edit]

lès

  1. (education, colloquial) to cram, to study hard, to learn at cram school.

Further reading[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

les

  1. (dative) to them

Usage notes[edit]

  • Precedes conjugated verbs.
  • Can be of mixed gender (not just masculine).

Ladin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illas.

Article[edit]

les f (plural)

  1. the

See also[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English lēas (false, void, loose), from Proto-Germanic *lausaz (loose, free), from Proto-Indo-European *lewH- (to untie, set free, sever). Cognate with Middle High German lōs (loose), Old Swedish lø̄s (loose); a doublet of loos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

les

  1. false; lying; deceptive

Noun[edit]

les (uncountable)

  1. falsehood; a lie
    • c. 1480, “The Creation”, in The Towneley Plays, line 120-121:
      He is so fayre, withoutten les, He semys full well to sytt on des.
      He is so good, without falsehood; / (so) he's really suited to sit on a dais.
      c. 1480, “The Creation”, in The Towneley Plays, line 158-159:
      We held with hym ther he saide leasse / And therfor have we all unpeasse.
      We stayed with him when he uttered untruth, / and therefore we all feel discord.
      c. 1480, “The Creation”, in The Towneley Plays, line 193-195:
      Ye shall have joye and blis therin / Whils ye will kepe you out of syn, / I say withoutten lese.
      You'll have joy and tranquility within / if you keep yourself out of sin, / I say, without lies.

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

from Old French les, from Latin illōs m and illās f

Article[edit]

les m pl or f pl (masculine singular le, feminine singular la)

  1. the

Descendants[edit]


Norman[edit]

Norman Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine le / l' les
feminine  la / l' les

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Article[edit]

les pl (singular , and la)

  1. Alternative form of l's
    • 2013 March 1, Geraint Jennings, “Mar martello”, in The Town Crier[1], page 20:
      Dans les clios étout nou vait des tracteurs et des machinnes tandi qu'lé travas du fèrmyi r'prend san rhythme coumme tréjous.
      In the fields tractors and machines can be seen too as farm work picks up again as always.
    les boutonsthe nipples
    les êpicesthe spices
    les lédgeunmesthe vegetables
    les ridgieauxthe curtains

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

les

  1. imperative of lese

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

les

  1. present tense of lesa and lese
  2. imperative of lesa and lese

Novial[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

les

  1. they; them

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illas and illos.

Article[edit]

les

  1. the (feminine plural oblique definite article)
  2. the (feminine plural nominative definite article)
  3. the (masculine plural oblique definite article)

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

les

  1. third-person singular masculine of la

Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali.

Noun[edit]

les

  1. tail

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ (tree, forest).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lȇs m (Cyrillic spelling ле̑с)

  1. coffin
  2. (regionally) lumber
  3. (regionally) forest, woods
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Löss.

Noun[edit]

lȇs m (Cyrillic spelling ле̑с)

  1. (geology) loess

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les m (genitive singular lesa, nominative plural lesy, genitive plural lesov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. forest

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • les in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěsъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lẹ̑s m inan

  1. wood

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem, mobile accent, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. lés
gen. sing. lesá
singular dual plural
nominative lés lesôva lesôvi
accusative lés lesôva lesôve
genitive lesá lesôv lesôv
dative lésu lesôvoma lesôvom
locative lésu lesôvih lesôvih
instrumental lésom lesôvoma lesôvi
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. lés
gen. sing. lésa
singular dual plural
nominative lés lésa lési
accusative lés lésa lése
genitive lésa lésov lésov
dative lésu lésoma lésom
locative lésu lésih lésih
instrumental lésom lésoma lési

Further reading[edit]

  • les”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illīs, dative plural of ille.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

les

  1. dative of ellos and ellas; to them, for them
  2. dative of ustedes; to you all, for you all (formal)

Article[edit]

les m pl or f pl

  1. (gender-neutral, neologism) the

See also[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English lazy.

Adjective[edit]

les

  1. lazy
  2. tired, fed up

Verb[edit]

les

  1. be lazy
  2.  be tired, be fed up

Welsh[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English lace.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

les f (plural lesau)

  1. lace (light fabric patterned with holes)

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English lease.

Noun[edit]

les f (plural lesoedd)

  1. lease
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
les unchanged unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “les”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies