ils

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: ILS and ILs

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin illi, which sounded il in Old French, to which a plural -s was added. While il was the nominative form from late Latin nom. *illi of ille, els, eus was the oblique form ("them") that had evolved from late Latin *illos, it is the ancestor of modern French eux.

In Old French, "they", being a nominative, was il from late Latin *illi, thus it didn't have the final -s, thus it was il used both for "he" and "they". The -s was added at the end of the 13th century in some regions, at the time the declension system of Old French started to collapse. As a consequence, some oïl languages in France have retained the original Old French il-form, and in some other regions, the ils-form supplanted the older one. Some dialects have even retained both forms depending on the locals.

See cognates in regional languages in France : Angevin is, Bourbonnais-Berrichon ils, Bourguignon âs, Champenois is, Franc-Comtois és, Gallo i and iz, Lorrain is, Norman i and is, Orléanais is, Picard is and i, Poitevin-Saintongeais és, Tourangeau is, Franco-Provençal ils, Occitan els (Gasconian eus), Catalan ells, Corsican egli.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ils

  1. They.

Usage notes[edit]

Ils is used for a group with at least one masculine noun in (even if there is only one masculine noun and a thousand feminine nouns in the group). If the group referred to contains only feminine nouns, elles is to be used.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

ils

  1. indefinite genitive singular of il