il

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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

il

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing forty-nine (49).

See also[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ил
Roman il
Perso-Arabic ایل

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *yïl (year).[1] Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰘𐰃𐰞(yïl).[2]

Noun[edit]

il (definite accusative ili, plural illər)

  1. year
    uzun illərmany years (literally, “long years”)
    Mən on ildir ki məktəbi bitirmişəm.
    It's been ten years since I finished school.
    Synonym: sənə

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*jɨl”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  2. ^ Abuseitova, M. Kh; Bukhatuly, B., editors (2008), “𐰖𐰃𐰞”, in TÜRIK BITIG: Ethno Cultural Dictionary, Language Committee of Ministry of Culture and Information of Republic of Kazakhstan

Bunak[edit]

Noun[edit]

il

  1. water

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

il c

  1. (rare) haste, speed

Verb[edit]

il

  1. imperative of ile

Faroese[edit]

Iljar (soles).

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse il

Noun[edit]

il f (genitive singular iljar, plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilin iljar iljarnar
Accusative il ilina iljar iljarnar
Dative il ilini iljum iljunum
Genitive iljar iljarinnar ilja iljanna



French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French il, from Old French il, from Vulgar Latin *illī, which is derived from Classical Latin ille.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

il (third-person singular, plural ils, accusative le, dative lui, emphatic lui)

  1. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammatically masculine objects)
  3. (impersonal pronoun) Impersonal subject; it
    Il pleut.It’s raining.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), chapter IL, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Friulian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
l'
i
feminine  la
l'
lis

Alternative forms[edit]

  • al (Western and Southern Friulian)
  • el (Northern Friulian)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illum, ultimately from ille.

Article[edit]

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

See also[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Iljar (soles).

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse il, from Proto-Germanic *iljō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

il f (genitive singular iljar, nominative plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
    Honum sagðist vera illt í ilinni.He said his sole hurt.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

il (plural ili, possessive ilua, possessive plural ilui)

  1. Apocopic form of ilu; he, him

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

il

  1. personal pronoun used with impersonal verbs
    Il ha multe arbores illac.
    There are many trees there.

Usage notes[edit]

Optional.


Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish il, from Proto-Celtic *ɸilus, from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-.

Adjective[edit]

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. (literary) many

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

il (genitive singular masculine il, genitive singular feminine ile, plural ile, comparative ile)

  1. Alternative form of oll (great; huge, vast, immense)

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
il n-il hil not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "il" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “il” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “il” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the older form lo, via an intermediate form l, from Latin illum, ultimately from ille. The initial i is a svarabhakti vowel added to the form l in order to make the pronunciation easier.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo/l'
i
gli
feminine  la/l' le

il m sg (plural i)

  1. the

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, →ISBN, pages 123, 124

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French il.

Pronoun[edit]

il m

  1. he
  2. it (impersonal, or referring to an unknown person)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: il

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

il f or m (definite singular ila or ilen, indefinite plural iler, definite plural ilene)

  1. sole of the foot
    Synonym: fotsåle

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse il f, from Proto-Germanic *iljō f, *ili n.

Noun[edit]

il f (definite singular ila, indefinite plural iler, definite plural ilene)

  1. sole of the foot, especially the middle part
    Synonym: fotsole

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ille (masculine nominative).

Pronoun[edit]

il m sg (feminine ele)

  1. he (third-person masculine singular subject pronoun)
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle French: il
    • French: il

Etymology 2[edit]

From Vulgar Latin illī, nominative masculine plural of Latin ille.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ils (late, analogic)

Pronoun[edit]

il m pl (feminine eles)

  1. they (third-person masculine plural subject pronoun)
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      S'il vos poent ataindre, ja vos areient tué.
      If they could range you, they would have already killed you.
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle French: ils

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish il, from Proto-Celtic *ɸilus, from Proto-Indo-European *pélh₁us, from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-. Cognate with Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu, much), Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, much), Sanskrit पुरु (puru, much).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

il (equative lir, comparative lia)

  1. much, many (usually as the first member of a compound, usually governs a plural noun)
    cosin taidbse ilwith much ostentation
    Is amlid do·rigéni Dia corp duini ó il-ballaib.Thus God has made man's body of many members.
    Is ferr precept oldaas labrad il-béelre.Preaching is better than speaking many languages.
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 4d15
      In Belzefuth: is béss didu ind lïacc benir il-béim friss, et intí do·thuit foir ɔ·boing a chnámi, intí fora tuit-som immurgu at·bail-side.
      The Beelzebub: it is the custom, then, of the stone that many blows are hit on it, and he who falls upon it breaks his bones; however, he whom it falls on perishes

Inflection[edit]

As a preposed adjective, usually uninflected, but the following forms are found occasionally:

  • Nominative/accusative plural: ili
  • Dative plural: ilib

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
il unchanged n-il
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *iljō, *ili (sole).

Noun[edit]

il f (genitive iljar, plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: il
  • Faroese: il
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: il
  • Norwegian Bokmål: il
  • Old Swedish: il

References[edit]

il in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


Somali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Cushitic *ʔil-

Noun[edit]

il

  1. eye

References[edit]

  • “il” In: Abdullah Umar Mansur (1985) Qaamuska Afsoomaliga.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ila (to hurry)

Noun[edit]

il c

  1. (archaic) gust; a strong, abrupt rush of wind
  2. (archaic) hurry

Declension[edit]

Declension of il 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilen ilar ilarna
Genitive ils ilens ilars ilarnas

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ایل(il), from Proto-Turkic *ēl (realm). Doublet of el.

Noun[edit]

il (definite accusative ili, plural iller)

  1. province

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative il
Definite accusative ili
Singular Plural
Nominative il iller
Definite accusative ili illeri
Dative ile illere
Locative ilde illerde
Ablative ilden illerden
Genitive ilin illerin

Tzotzil[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

il

  1. (transitive) to see

References[edit]