il

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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

il

  1. (Internet) the Internet Top Level Domain code for Israel

Numeral[edit]

il

  1. (informal) A Roman numeral representing forty-nine (49).

See also[edit]


Azeri[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *jɨl.

Noun[edit]

il ‎(definite accusative ili, plural illər)

  1. year

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

il c

  1. (rare) haste, speed

Verb[edit]

il

  1. imperative of ile

Faroese[edit]

Iljar ‎(soles).

Noun[edit]

il f (genitive singular iljar, plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilin iljar iljarnar
Accusative il ilina iljar iljarnar
Dative il ilini iljum iljunum
Genitive iljar iljarinnar ilja iljanna



French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French il, from Old French il, from Vulgar Latin *illī, which is derived from Classical Latin ille.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

il ‎(third-person singular, plural ils, accusative le, dative lui, emphatic lui)

  1. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammarically masculine objects)
  3. Impersonal subject; it
    • Il pleut - It’s raining

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dauzat, Albert; Jean Dubois, Henri Mitterand (1964), “il”, in Nouveau dictionnaire étymologique (in French), Paris: Librairie Larousse

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Friulian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
l'
i
feminine  la
l'
lis

Etymology[edit]

From Latin illum, ultimately from ille.

Article[edit]

il m sg ‎(plural i)

  1. the

See also[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Iljar ‎(soles).

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse il, from Proto-Germanic *iljō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

il f ‎(genitive singular iljar, nominative plural iljar)

  1. the sole of the foot
    Honum sagðist vera illt í ilinni.
    He said his sole hurt.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

il ‎(plural ili)

  1. Alternative form of ilu

Interlingua[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

il

  1. personal pronoun used with impersonal verbs
    Il ha multe arbores illac.
    There are many trees there.

Usage notes[edit]

Optional.


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Italian lo, via an intermediate form l, from Latin illum, ultimately from ille. The initial i is a svarabhakti vowel added to the form l in order to make the pronunciation easier.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /il/

Article[edit]

Italian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine il
lo
i
gli
feminine  la le

il m sg ‎(plural i)

  1. the

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, ISBN 88-15-08638-2, pages 123, 124

Anagrams[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اَل ‎(al-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

il

  1. the

Usage notes[edit]

  • Before the letters ċ, d, n, r, s, t, x, ż and z the l assimilates, resulting in the following forms:
  • This word (in all forms) connects to the following word with a hyphen
    il-mara (the woman)
    il-futur (the future)
    ix-xemx (the sun)
  • The initial i is dropped before and after vowels
    l-iben (the son)
    rajna l-film (we saw the film)
    tax-xemx (of the sun)

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French il.

Pronoun[edit]

il m

  1. he
  2. it (impersonal, or referring to an unknown person)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: il

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *illī, from Latin ille.

Pronoun[edit]

il

  1. he (third-person masculine singular subject pronoun)
  2. they (third-person masculine plural subject pronoun)
    • circa 1170, Wace, Le Roman de Rou:
      S'il vos poent ataindre, ja vos areient tué.
      If they could range you, they would have already killed you.

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: il
    • French: il

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁-; cognate with Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 ‎(filu, much), Ancient Greek πολύς ‎(polús, much), Sanskrit पुरु ‎(puru, much).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

il

  1. much, many (usually as the first member of a compound, usually governs a plural noun)
    cosin taidbse il – "with much ostentation"
    Is amlid do·rigéni Dia corp duini ó il-ballaib. – "Thus God has made man's body of many members."
    Is ferr precept oldaas labrad il-béelre. – "Preaching is better than speaking many languages."
    trissam mrechtrad inna n-il-briathar – "through the variation of the many words"

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
il unchanged n-il
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

il c

  1. (archaic) gust; a strong, abrupt rush of wind
  2. (archaic) hurry

Declension[edit]

Inflection of il 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative il ilen ilar ilarna
Genitive ils ilens ilars ilarnas

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

il

  1. province

Synonyms[edit]


Tzotzil[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

il

  1. (transitive) to see

References[edit]