il-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin il-, assimilated form of in- before l-.

Prefix[edit]

il-

  1. not; a form of the prefix in-, used before l

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Prefix[edit]

il-

  1. Form used before a root beginning with the letter l of in-

Usage notes[edit]

Normally this prefix will combine with the root to make a word that uses the ela geminada. For example, il- and legal combine to form il·legal. but for some words, the use of the ela palatal will provide an alternate form or the preferred form. Thus il- and legible can combine to form either illegible or il·legible, while il- and letrat (literate) combine only as illetrat (illiterate) in Standard Catalan, although il·letrat is a common, but still illiterate, misspelling.

Derived terms[edit]



Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish il (much, many), from Proto-Indo-European *pelh₁- (compare Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, much)).

Prefix[edit]

il- (Lenites except with d, s, t)

  1. multiple, poly-, multi-
  2. miscellaneous
    Synonyms: ilghnéitheach, ilchineálach, éagsúil
  3. sundry
  4. composite
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Prefix[edit]

il-

  1. Alternative form of oll- (great, gross)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
il- n-il- hil- t-il-
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "il-" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “il-” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “il-” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before l-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

il-

  1. Alternative form of in-

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Assimilated form of in-, before l-.

Prefix[edit]

il-

  1. Alternative form of in-