h

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Letter h.svg
h U+0068, h
LATIN SMALL LETTER H
g
[U+0067]
Basic Latin i
[U+0069]
U+FF48, h
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER H

[U+FF47]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF49]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Symbol[edit]

h

  1. (IPA) voiceless glottal fricative.
  2. (metrology) symbol for the prefix hecto-, indicating multiplication by 100
  3. symbol of the hour
  4. Planck's constant
  5. helion
  6. higgson
  7. (transcription) aspiration
    • 2006, Robin Wooffitt, “Analysing the Organization of Successful Demonstrations of Paranormal Cognition”, in The Language of Mediums and Psychics: The Social Organization of Everyday Miracles (in English), Ashgate Publishing, →ISBN, page 70:
      PP: ·hh⎡y’know-, / R: ⎣I used it today Doris for the first time. / You used it today? / R: yea(huh)s (Smiling voice) / (0.3) / PP: t·hhhh And ah’ve another voice come, an’ she says, she’s just bought a new cooker you know. ·hh they know-, they get to know everythi:ng,
    • 2010, John Heritage; Steven Clayman, “Transcript Symbols”, in Talk in Action: Interactions, Identities, and Institutions (in English), →ISBN, pages 284 and 286:
      Bee: ·hhh Uh::, (0.3) I don’know I guess she’s aw- she’s awright she went to thee uh:: hhospital again tihda:y, [] Hearable aspiration is shown where it occurs in the talk by the letter h – the more h’s, the more aspiration. The aspiration may represent breathing, laughter, etc. If it occurs inside the boundaries of a word, it may be enclosed in parentheses in order to set it apart from the sounds of the word. If the aspiration is an inhalation, it is shown with a dot before it (usually a raised dot) or a raised degree symbol. Bee: [Ba::]sk(h)etb(h)a(h)ll? (h)(°Whe(h)re.) []
    • 2015, Simona Pekarek Doehler; Elwys De Stefani; Anne-Sylvie Horlacher, “The hanging topic construction as an interactional resource”, in Time and Emergence in Grammar: Dislocation, Topicalization and Hanging Topic in French Talk-in-Interaction (Studies in Language and Social Interaction; 28) (in English), John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, section 5 (Aphoristic HT formulations as closing devices), page 210:
      .hhhh (0.1) donc pour moi les hommes eu::h

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of H:


English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H, plural hs or h's)

  1. The eighth letter of the English alphabet, called aitch and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The ordinal number eighth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called aitch and written in the Latin script.

Interjection[edit]

h

  1. (chiefly Internet slang) Used as a filler response when one does not have a response to use. Almost always used by itself.

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviations

Noun[edit]

h

  1. (sciences) Abbreviation of hour (particularly when used as a (non-SI) unit of time alongside International System of Units (SI) units)
    • 1908, Francis Ernest Lloyd, The Physiology of Stomata (Carnegie Institution of Washington), page 83:
      Another instance: 2h28m p. m., 10 micra; 3h08m p. m., 0 micra; irrigated with water: 3h09m p. m., 4 micra.
  2. (baseball, in statistics) Abbreviation of hit, the number of hits by a player
  3. (slang) Abbreviation of heroin.
  4. (computing) Abbreviation of hexadecimal (following a number)
    • 1989, PC: The Independent Guide to IBM Personal Computers
      If any of the video buffer's background attribute bits are on, MONO converts the attribute to 70h (inverse video).
    • 1994, Jan Axelson, The microcontroller idea book (page 47)
      The commands assume that the NV memory is addressed beginning at 8000h in external data memory.
  5. Abbreviation of home phone.
See also[edit]

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h lower case (upper case H)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /at͡ʃe/, [a.t͡ʃe̞]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /hat͡ʃe/, [ɦa.t͡ʃe̞]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Basque alphabet, called hatxe and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Egyptian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

O4
Z1

 m

  1. courtyard [Old to New Kingdom]

Inflection[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The tenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called ho and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called haa or hašš and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The ninth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhoː/, [ˈho̞ː] (spelled out as a letter)
  • Audio:(file)

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called hoo and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German H.

Noun[edit]

h

  1. (music) B (note)
Usage notes[edit]

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Derived terms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

h

  1. Used to indicate the hour in a time indication, either with or without following minutes.
    10h10:00 a.m.
    20h308:30 p.m.

Fula[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

h

  1. the letter h, see H

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

h

  1. (common, not restricted to scientific usage) hour
    15:30 h
    3:30 p.m.
    (read out as: fünfzehn Uhr dreißig, or halb vier)

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

h

  1. Romanization of 𐌷

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈx]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈhaː]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.
  2. (music) Alternative form of H (B, the seventh note in the C major scale, its symbol in writing or in print, or the equivalent key of a piano or stop of a stringed instrument)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative h h-k
accusative h-t h-kat
dative h-nak h-knak
instrumental h-val h-kkal
causal-final h-ért h-kért
translative h-vá h-kká
terminative h-ig h-kig
essive-formal h-ként h-kként
essive-modal
inessive h-ban h-kban
superessive h-n h-kon
adessive h-nál h-knál
illative h-ba h-kba
sublative h-ra h-kra
allative h-hoz h-khoz
elative h-ból h-kból
delative h-ról h-król
ablative h-tól h-któl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
h-é h-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
h-éi h-kéi
Possessive forms of h
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. h-m h-im
2nd person sing. h-d h-id
3rd person sing. h-ja h-i
1st person plural h-nk h-ink
2nd person plural h-tok h-itok
3rd person plural h-juk h-ik
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • B, b (B-flat)

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

h

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of hogy (that).

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • (h [sound or letter]): h in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (B in music): h in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /hauː/

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The tenth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /h/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /he/

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

h

  1. marker of h-prothesis
    na habhannof the river
    fáilte go hÉirinnwelcome to Ireland
    chomh hard le crannas tall as a tree

Italian[edit]

Letter[edit]

h m or f (invariable)

  1. see under H

See also[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

H

h (upper case H)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

The letter H/h (like F/f, and O/o representing [o], [oː] instead of [uə̯]) is found only in words of foreign origin (borrowings). Note that it represents the sound of IPA [x] (like German machen, ach), not (as in most other alphabets based on the Latin script) the sound of IPA [h].

See also[edit]


Livonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Lushootseed[edit]

Letter[edit]

h

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as a voiceless glottal fricative.

Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /-/, /ː/, /j/, /w/, /ħ/

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The tenth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In contemporary Maltese, h remains a true consonant [ħ] in the following cases:
    • in word-final position or when being the last radical of a verb: ikrah [ˈɪkraħ], jixbhu [ˈjɪʃpħʊ];
    • before the negative ending -x: jarawhx [jaˈrawħʃ];
    • in the clusters -għh-, -ħh-, -hh-, which all become [ħħ].
  • Otherwise it is silent or leaves only a vocalic trace:
    • Following and preceding a, e, o are lengthened if stressed: hedded [ˈɛːddɛt], fehmet [ˈfɛːmɛt]. Other vowels are not affected.
    • In intervocalic position it is a glide, [j] after i, ie, and [w] after u: jibniha [jɪbˈnɪːja], inħobbuhom [ɪnħɔbˈbuːwɔm].
    • The sequence -aho- becomes [ɔː]: rahom [rɔːm]. The sequence -ehi- becomes [ɛj] or [ɛˈjiː]: ftehim [ftɛjm], [ftɛˈjiːm].
  • Phonotactically, word-initial h now generally behaves like a vowel, allowing contractions such as m’hemmx [mɛːmʃ]. However, word-internal h still behaves like a (virtual) consonant. Compare for example qablu [ˈʔablʊ] with qabilha [ʔaˈbɪla], which latter is formed as though the l were followed by a consonant.

See also[edit]


Norwegian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h

  1. The eighth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • When written before j, the h becomes silent.

Nupe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The tenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H, lower case)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Polish alphabet, called ha and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Seemingly native words spelt with ‹h› (rather than ‹ch›) are generally from Czech or other Slavic dialects. Otherwise ‹h› occurs in loanwords, especially from German. Some southern speakers distinguish between /x/ and /h/, but this is not part of standard Polish.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • h in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • h in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Name: see agá

Letter:

  • in most words: silent
  • in expressive terms and recent loanwords: IPA(key): /h/, [h], [ɦ], [ʁ]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called agá and written in the Latin script.
    1. silent letter used mainly in words derived from Latin, Greek and other Romance languages; word-initial only
      hoje, hábito, hipnose, hoteltoday, habit, hypnosis, hotel
      1. (chiefly obsolete) silent letter used word-medially in loanwords
        coherente (now coerente)coherent
      2. (obsolete except in given names) used in the Hellenistic digraphs th, ph and rh
        thesouro (now tesouro), phalange (now falange), rheumatismo (now reumatismo), Cynthia (alongside Cíntia)treasure, phalanx, rheumatism, Cynthia
      3. (obsolete except in given names) used in words perceived to be Hellenisms
        thesoura (now tesoura), Nathaliascissors, Natalie
    2. represents /h/ in most recent loanwords from other languages, most commonly English
      hardcore, hacker, hall
      hardcore punk, hacker, entry hall
    3. used in the digraphs ch, lh and nh, where it indicates a palatal or post-alveolar pronunciation
      cheio, alho, banhofull, garlic, bath
    4. (obsolete) silent letter used word-initially in monosyllabic verbs with no attack
      hir (now ir), he (now é)to go, is
    5. silent letter used syllable-finally in some interjections
      ih! oh!uh oh! ooh!
    6. represents /h/ in some expressive terms
      hahaha! aham, hue huehahaha! yep, hehehe
    7. (chiefly Internet slang) used as a replacement for the acute or circumflex accent, or silent infinitive -r, indicating stress
      eh (standard é), Feh (standard ), fazeh (standard fazer)is, a nickname, to do
    8. (obsolete except in the word Bahia) silent letter used to mark some hiatus
      sahir (now sair), bahia (now baía)
      to leave, bay

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

h f (invariable)

  1. Abbreviation of hora.
    1. used to indicate time in relation to a 24-hour clock
      O evento é hoje, às 20hThe event is today at 8 p.m.
      09h3009:30 a.m.
    2. used to indicate any sequence of time in hours
      O atleta completou a corrida em 1h20min45sThe athlete completed the race in 1 hour, 21 minutes and 45 seconds

Usage notes[edit]

  • This abbreviation uses no spaces or points and must always follow a number (in its most common usage, a number between 0 and 23 to indicate the day's hours).
  • The abbreviation can be followed by a number between 00 and 59 to indicate the minutes of an hour. This can be optionally represented by another abbreviation: min.
    • Example: 15h30 or 15h30min, the first being much more common
  • min can be further followed by another abbreviation, s, to represent seconds.
    • Example: 20h43min08s

Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. (International Standard) The tenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The eleventh letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The tenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called haș, ha, or and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (uppercase) H

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (Cyrillic spelling х)

  1. The 12th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by g and followed by i.

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Alternative forms[edit]

See usage notes for both etymologies.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Gaj's Latin alphabet h, from Czech alphabet h, from Latin h. Pronunciation as /xə/ is initial Slovene (phoneme plus a fill vowel) and the second pronunciation is probably taken from German h.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The ninth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The fourteenth letter of the Resian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  3. The tenth letter of the Natisone Valley dialect alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

In Metelko alphabet, the phoneme was written by two different letters whether it was pronounced as velar /x/ or glottal /h/, a distinction irrelevant to nowadays standard and the distinction was also not used by all writers. Phoneme /h/ was written with 〈h〉, while /x/ was written with a yet to be encoded character Metelko h.gif.

Symbol[edit]

h

  1. (SNPT for Standard Slovene) Phonetic transcription of sound [x].
  2. (dialectal SNPT) Phonetic transcription of sounds [h, ħ].

Noun[edit]

h m inan or f

  1. The name of the Latin script letter H / h.
  2. (linguistics) The name of the phoneme /x/.

Inflection[edit]

  • Overall more common
First masculine declension (soft o-stem, inanimate), fixed accent, -j- infix
nom. sing. h
gen. sing. h-ja
singular dual plural
nominative h h-ja h-ji
genitive h-ja h-jev h-jev
dative h-ju, h-ji h-jema h-jem
accusative h h-ja h-je
locative h-ju, h-ji h-jih h-jih
instrumental h-jem h-jema h-ji
(vocative) h h-ja h-ji


  • More common when with a definite adjective
Third masculine declension (no endings), fixed accent
nom. sing. h
gen. sing. h
singular dual plural
nominative h h h
genitive h h h
dative h h h
accusative h h h
locative h h h
instrumental h h h
(vocative) h h h


  • Dialectal, in common written language used till 19th century
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate), fixed accent, -j- infix
nom. sing. h
gen. sing. h-ja
singular dual plural
nominative h h-ja h-ji
genitive h-ja h-jov h-jov
dative h-ju, h-ji h-joma h-jom
accusative h h-ja h-je
locative h-ju, h-ji h-jih h-jih
instrumental h-jom h-joma h-ji
(vocative) h h-ja h-ji


  • Rare
Third feminine declension (no endings), fixed accent
nom. sing. h
gen. sing. h
singular dual plural
nominative h h h
genitive h h h
dative h h h
accusative h h h
locative h h h
instrumental h h h
(vocative) h h h


Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъ 'to', which is itself probably from Proto-Indo-European *ku 'where'. This form is a spirantization of k, which appeared to ease the pronunciation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

h

  1. (with dative, see usage notes) to, for
Usage notes[edit]

Preposition h is a form of preposition k that appears before words that start with /k/ or /ɡ/ while other form is used for all other words. In "correct" pronunciation, the preposition does not form its own syllable, but binds to the first syllable of the next word and has therefore two pronunciations: [x] if word starts with [k] and [ɣ] if word starts with [ɡ]. In colloquial speech, this form (or at least its pronunciation) are also used with words starting with other letters.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kenda-Jež, Karmen (February 27, 2017) Fonetična trankripcija [Phonetic transcription]‎[3] (in Slovene), Znanstvenoraziskovalni center SAZU, Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša, retrieved March 19, 2022, pages 27–30

Further reading[edit]

  • h”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name):
    • IPA(key): /ˈat͡ʃe/, [ˈa.t͡ʃe]
    • (file)

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Swedish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun[edit]

h

  1. (nonstandard, anglicism) Abbreviation of hour from English.
    Synonyms: timme, tim.
  2. (strictly technology) Abbreviation of hora from Latin.
    Synonyms: timme, tim.
  3. (music) B, note with a frequency close to 493.88 · 2n Hz
    Synonym: (anglicism) b

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name) IPA(key): (standard) /ˈheː/, /ˈhaʃ/
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /h/, [ç]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The tenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called he and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • See H.

Turkmen[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (upper case H)

  1. The ninth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called he and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

h

  1. marker of h-prothesis
    ei hiaithher language
    i’n heglwysto our church
    un ar hugaintwenty-one

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The ninth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

h (lower case, upper case H)

  1. The eighth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]