M

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LetterM.svg
M U+004D, M
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M
L
[U+004C]
Basic Latin N
[U+004E]
U+216F.svg
U+216F, Ⅿ
ROMAN NUMERAL ONE THOUSAND

[U+216E]
Number Forms
[U+2170]
U+FF2D, M
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M

[U+FF2C]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF2E]

Translingual[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From the Etruscan letter 𐌌 (m, em), from the Ancient Greek letter Μ (M, my), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤌(m, mem), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓈖.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (in ancient inscriptions)

Letter[edit]

M (lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

An alteration of , from , an alteration of , an alteration of , from encircling X (the roman numeral for ten) to indicate the hundredth ten.

Alternative forms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

M (upper case Roman numeral, lower case m)

  1. (Roman numerals) Thousand (1000)
  2. The thousandth (1,000th).

Etymology 3[edit]

Symbol[edit]

M

  1. Abbreviation of mega-.
  2. (astronomy) Abbreviation of Messier, used in Messier numbers.
  3. (biochemistry) Abbreviation of methionine, as established by IUPAC.
  4. (chemistry) Abbreviation of molar (one mole of substance per litre of solvent).
  5. (mathematical analysis) A generic manifold.
  6. (group theory) monster group
  7. (music) major
  8. (linguistics) mid tone
  9. (astronomy) mass of a reference body as a unit of measure: M solar mass, M🜨 terrestrial mass, MJ or M jovian mass, ML or M lunar mass
  10. (usually clothing) medium (the manufactured size)
Usage notes[edit]

Because of the potential for confusion, the abbreviation for unit "molar" is usually written in italics (M) or in small caps (). M for reference mass is usually written in italics.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of M:


English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m, plural Ms or M's)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the English alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Number[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The ordinal number thirteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation.

Noun[edit]

M (countable and uncountable, plural Ms)

  1. Initialism of mother.
  2. Initialism of male.
  3. Initialism of men. (sign on toilet door)
    Coordinate term: W
    • 2001, Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections
      From the Kierkegaard Room he lopingly careened through a red-carpeted hallway that had previously vouchsafed him a comfort station but this morning seemed all business, no M or W in sight, just salons and boutiques and the Ingmar Bergman Cinema.
  4. Initialism of Monday.
  5. Abbreviation of nautical mile.
  6. Initialism of million.
  7. (entomology) Initialism of media.
  8. (usually clothing, singular only) Initialism of medium (the manufactured size or an item of that size).
  9. (US, film) A film with the content rating M.
  10. (slang) Initialism of morphine.
    • 1952, Woman's Home Companion (volume 79, page 141)
      [Doctors] always carry narcotic prescription blanks and some M with them. M is morphine.
    • 1956, Jess Stearn, Sisters of the Night: The Startling Story of Prostitution in New York Today, New York: Julian Messner, Inc., page 59:
      “Anyway, when he came out of Patsy's room, I grabbed him by the arm and said, ‘Gee whiz, doc, haven't you got a couple of pills for me—even demerol?’ ” / Willie broke off to explain. “That's a synthetic. We call them demmies. If you can't buy H or M, why, demmies will do the trick.”
    • 1957, Jack Kerouac, On the Road, Viking Press, OCLC 43419454:
      That night Marylou took everything in the books; she took tea, goofballs, benny, liquor, and even asked Old Bull for a shot of M, which of course he didn’t give her; he did give her a martini.
    • 2009, Larry Harrison, Glimpses of a Floating World (page 142)
      'You were going to get me some M,' she whispered in his ear. [] His friend uses morphine, too.
  11. (cricket, in batting figures) the number of minutes a player spent at the crease
  12. (cricket, in bowling figures) the number of maiden overs bowled
  13. (India, Islam, Internet slang) Initialism of Muslim.
Usage notes[edit]

The sense "Muslim" is mostly used by Hindutva netizens primarily towards Islamist supporters and Muslim militants.

Coordinate terms[edit]
  • (gender): F, X
  • (Indian politics, online slang): H (used by Indian Muslim netizens directed towards Hindus, especially Hindu nationalists)

Noun[edit]

M (plural Messrs)

  1. Monsieur
Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

M

  1. (Michigan, roadway) Michigan.

Adjective[edit]

M (not comparable)

  1. (usually clothing) Initialism of medium (of the manufactured size).
  2. Initialism of mature.

Afar[edit]

Letter[edit]

M

  1. The seventeenth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛm/

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

M (plural M'e, diminutive M'etjie)

  1. M

Azerbaijani[edit]

Letter[edit]

M upper case (lower case m)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Basque alphabet, called eme and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English menstruation or menstrual cycle.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) menstruation
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) menstrual cycle
  3. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) menses; menstrual blood
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, colloquial) to menstruate; to have a period

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

M

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, university slang) to steal; to take without asking

Etymology 3[edit]

From English M, meg (megabyte).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!
Particularly: “Mandarin (?)”

Noun[edit]

M

  1. (computing, informal) megabyte

Related terms[edit]

  • G (gigabyte)

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: Often realised as one syllable..
Letter[edit]

M

  1. The third letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Letter[edit]

M

  1. The thirteenth letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes[edit]
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).
  • The official pronunciation defined in 《汉语拼音方案》, ㄝㄇ (ê̄m), is not a valid syllable in Pinyin.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (capital, lowercase m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: L
  • Next letter: N

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called mo and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called emm and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äm or em and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

M

  1. Abbreviation of magna cum laude approbatur.
  2. Abbreviation of mies. ("man, male")

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (lowercase m)

  1. the thirteenth letter of the French alphabet, preceded by L and followed by N

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the German alphabet.

Noun[edit]

M f (genitive M, no plural)

  1. (historical, East Germany) Abbreviation of Mark der DDR.
    Coordinate term: DM

Declension[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈm]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛmː]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called emm and written in the Latin script.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative M M-ek
accusative M-et M-eket
dative M-nek M-eknek
instrumental M-mel M-ekkel
causal-final M-ért M-ekért
translative M-mé M-ekké
terminative M-ig M-ekig
essive-formal M-ként M-ekként
essive-modal
inessive M-ben M-ekben
superessive M-en M-eken
adessive M-nél M-eknél
illative M-be M-ekbe
sublative M-re M-ekre
allative M-hez M-ekhez
elative M-ből M-ekből
delative M-ről M-ekről
ablative M-től M-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
M-é M-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
M-éi M-ekéi
Possessive forms of M
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. M-em M-eim
2nd person sing. M-ed M-eid
3rd person sing. M-e M-ei
1st person plural M-ünk M-eink
2nd person plural M-etek M-eitek
3rd person plural M-ük M-eik

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case m)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Italian alphabet, called emme and written in the Latin script.

Symbol[edit]

M

  1. down with
    Antonym: W (up with)

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

From the initial letter of English medium.

Noun[edit]

M(エム) (emu

  1. medium size
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the initial letter of English masochism; compare English S&M.

Noun[edit]

M(エム) (emu

  1. (sexuality, euphemistic) masochism, masochist
  2. (colloquial) submissive personality
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

M

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Nupe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • M in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • M in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romani[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. (International Standard) The seventeenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The eighteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called em, me, or and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Saanich[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M

  1. The twentieth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (lower case m)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (capital, lowercase m)

  1. The 14th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by L and followed by N.

Somali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M upper case (lower case m)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, called miim and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by L and followed by N.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. the 13th letter of the Spanish alphabet

Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called me and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ məː˨˩], [ʔɛm˧˧ məː˨˩], [məː˨˩]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ məː˦˩], [ʔɛm˧˧ məː˦˩], [məː˦˩]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɛ˧˧ məː˨˩], [ʔɛm˧˧ məː˨˩], [məː˨˩]
  • Phonetic: e mờ, em mờ, mờ

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called e-mờ, em-mờ, or mờ and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called em and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by Ll and followed by N.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
merch ferch unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), chapter M, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

M (upper case, lower case m)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]