ʼ

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Translingual[edit]

ʼ U+02BC, ʼ
MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE
ʻ
[U+02BB]
Spacing Modifier Letters ʽ
[U+02BD]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Use for glottal stop derives from the apostrophe, for example in Hawaiian (now replaced by the okina to distinguish it from an actual apostrophe).

Use to mark ejective consonants started with transliteration of Georgian script; it was an adaptation of the spiritus lenis and contrasted with the spiritus asper used to mark aspirated consonants, as the most salient distinctive feature of Georgian ejectives was that they were not aspirated. Usage extended from there to other languages with ejective consonants.

Symbol[edit]

ʼ

  1. A diacritic used in the International Phonetic Alphabet to mark ejective consonants
    [kʼ], [tʼ], [sʼ], etc.
  2. Used in the romanization of the Arabic letter ء(ʾ).

Further reading[edit]


Chamorro[edit]

Letter[edit]

ʼ

  1. The first letter of the Chamorro alphabet, used for the glottal stop.

Chukchi[edit]

Letter[edit]

ʼ (ʼ)

  1. The thirty-seventh letter of the Chukchi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Guaraní[edit]

Letter[edit]

ʼ

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Guarani alphabet, called puso, used for the glottal stop.

Lisu[edit]

Letter[edit]

ʼ

  1. The forty-seventh letter of the Lisu alphabet.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used to indicate nasalisation and is combined with tone marks.

Navajo[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔ/
  • marks an ejective consonant

Letter[edit]

ʼ

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Navajo alphabet. It is used before or after a vowel to indicate a glottal stop. In addition, it is part of the following Navajo letters: chʼ, kʼ, tʼ, tłʼ, tsʼ. Every Navajo word begins with either the glottal stop or another consonant. If a vowel appears to begin a word, it is pronounced with a glottal stop at the beginning, but the stop usually is not written: ooljééʼ (sometimes spelled ʼooljééʼ).

See also[edit]


Tabasaran[edit]

Letter[edit]

ʼ

  1. The forty-eighth letter of the Tabasaran alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Tundra Nenets[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ʼ (transliteration needed)

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Tundra Nenets alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notes[edit]

Marks instances of the glottal stop /ʔ/ that alternate with nasal consonants н /n/, ӈ /ŋ/ in inflection, in contrast with the letter ˮ. Often transcribed h in scholarly works.

See also[edit]