с

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Cirila-с-minuskla.svg
с U+0441, с
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
р
[U+0440]
Cyrillic т
[U+0442]

Bulgarian[edit]

Cyrillic letter С с
(С с), normal above, italics below.
Handwritten forms

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (s) (lower case, upper case С)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Bulgarian Cyrillic alphabet. Its name is съ (sɤ) and it has the sound of English s. It is preceded by Р and followed by Т.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

  • (before vowels and voiceless consonants) IPA(key): /s/
  • (before voiced consonants) IPA(key): /z/

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

с (s)

  1. in the company of, alongside, with, and
    Той отиде с приятелите си.Toj otide s prijatelite si.He went with his friends.
    мляко с кафеmljako s kafemilk with coffee
    ние с тебеnie s tebeyou and I
    хляб с маслоhljab s maslobread and butter
  2. used to indicate interaction, with
    смесвам се с тълпатаsmesvam se s tǎlpatato mingle with the crowd
  3. used to show the instrument of the action, with, by, by means of
    режа с ножreža s nožto cut with a knife
    пътувам с кола/автобус/влакpǎtuvam s kola/avtobus/vlakto travel by car/bus/train
  4. used to indicate the material used, in
    пиша с мастилоpiša s mastiloto write in ink
    работя с металиrabotja s metalito work in metals
    търгувам с житоtǎrguvam s žitoto deal in wheat
  5. used to show how or in what way something is done, with, by
    Той говореше за дъщеря си с голяма гордост.Toj govoreše za dǎšterja si s goljama gordost.He spoke about his daughter with great pride.
    слушам с вниманиеslušam s vnimanieto listen with attention
    стоя с ръце в джобоветеstoja s rǎce v džoboveteto stand with one's hands in one's pockets
    с всичка силаs vsička silawith all one's might
    с главата напредs glavata napredhead foremost
    с гласs glasaloud
    с глух гласs gluh glasin a toneless voice
    с един ударs edin udarat one blow
    с една думаs edna dumain a word
    с цената наs cenata naat the cost of
    със силаsǎs silaby force
    улучвам с първия изстрелulučvam s pǎrvija izstrelto hit at the first shot
  6. because of something and as it happens, with
    Сенките се издължиха с наближаването на залеза.Senkite se izdǎlžiha s nabližavaneto na zaleza.The shadows lengthened with the approach of sunset.
    Умението идва с практика.Umenieto idva s praktika.Skill comes with practice.
  7. used to indicate simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or consequence, with
    Книгата падна на пода с голям трясък.Knigata padna na poda s goljam trjasǎk.The book fell to the floor with a loud bang.
    С влизането попита стопанина дали може да пренощува.S vlizaneto popita stopanina dali može da prenoštuva.Immediately after he entered he asked the landlord if he could spend the night there.
  8. used to indicate according to what something develops or changes, with, over
    Налягането се мени с дълбочината.Naljaganeto se meni s dǎlbočinata.The pressure varies with the depth.
    Здравето ѝ трябва да се подобри с времето.Zdraveto ì trjabva da se podobri s vremeto.Her health should improve with time.
    Тя се промени много с годините.Tja se promeni mnogo s godinite.She has changed a lot over the years.
  9. having a particular characteristic, possession, etc., with, of
    момче със зелени очиmomče sǎs zeleni očia boy with green eyes
    яке с качулкаjake s kačulkaa jacket with a hood
    човек с куфарčovek s kufara man with a suitcase
    човек с голям опитčovek s goljam opita man of great experience
    човек с весел нравčovek s vesel nrava man of a cheerful disposition
    човек с вид на чужденецčovek s vid na čuždeneca man of foreign appearance
  10. used to indicate the specific thing or person that is being referred to, with
    Моля те, внимавай с тези кутии.Molja te, vnimavaj s tezi kutii.Please be careful with those boxes.
    Те са в приятелски отношения със съседите си.Te sa v prijatelski otnošenija sǎs sǎsedite si.They are on friendly terms with their neighbors.
    Не съм много добре с компютрите.Ne sǎm mnogo dobre s kompjutrite.I'm not very good with computers.
  11. used to say that someone or something is the object of attention, behavior, or a feeling, with, to, towards, of
    гордея се с някогоgordeja se s njakogoto be proud of someone
    подигравам се с някогоpodigravam se s njakogoto make fun of someone
    Какво стана с приятеля ти?Kakvo stana s prijatelja ti?What happened with your friend?
    любезен/груб с някогоljubezen/grub s njakogopolite/rude to/towards someone
  12. in the performance, condition, behavior, or quality of something/someone, with
    Какъв е проблемът с колата ти?Kakǎv e problemǎt s kolata ti?What's the problem with your car?
    Лекарите се опитват да разберат какво не е наред с него.Lekarite se opitvat da razberat kakvo ne e nared s nego.The doctors are trying to figure out what is wrong with him.
  13. used in exclamations consisting of a repeated noun phrase and expressing blame, indignation, dissatisfaction, etc.
    Глупак с глупак!Glupak s glupak!You silly fool!
    Глупака му с глупак!Glupaka mu s glupak!The silly fool!
  14. used to indicate the thing or person that replaces something/someone, for, by, with
    заменям A с Bzamenjam A s Bto replace A by B
    Бих искал да заменя този пуловер с по-малък.Bih iskal da zamenja tozi pulover s po-malǎk.I'd like to exchange this sweater for a smaller one.
    Замених старото килимче с ново.Zamenih staroto kilimče s novo.I replaced the old rug with a new one.
  15. used to indicate a large amount of something (most commonly time), for, in
    Чаках те с часове в дъжда.Čakah te s časove v dǎžda.I waited for you for hours in the rain.
    Не съм го виждал с години.Ne sǎm go viždal s godini.I haven't seen him in years.
    Хора с хиляди се тълпяха да я видят.Hora s hiljadi se tǎlpjaha da ja vidjat.People flocked in their thousands to see her.
  16. used when comparing to indicate the difference in quantity, age, etc., by, with
    с един метър по-дълъгs edin metǎr po-dǎlǎglonger by one metre/a metre longer
    с няколко години по-младs njakolko godini po-mlada few years younger
    Закъснях с 10 минути.Zakǎsnjah s 10 minuti.I was 10 minutes late/too late by ten minutes.
    с един ден по-раноs edin den po-ranoa day early/too soon
    в сравнение сv sravnenie sin comparison with/compared with
  17. used to indicate connection, joining, with, to
    Полицията не можаха да я свържат с престъплението.Policijata ne možaha da ja svǎržat s prestǎplenieto.Police were unable to connect her with/to the crime.
    свързвам се с някогоsvǎrzvam se s njakogoto get in touch with someone
  18. used to indicate separation from someone/something, with
    Тя се раздели с приятелите си заради инцидента.Tja se razdeli s prijatelite si zaradi incidenta.She broke ties with her friends because of the incident.
  19. in opposition to somebody/something, with, against
    боря се с бедносттаborja se s bednosttato struggle against poverty
    бия се с някогоbija se s njakogoto fight with somebody
    играя футбол с някогоigraja futbol s njakogoto play football with somebody
    Скарахме се със съседите заради височината на оградата.Skarahme se sǎs sǎsedite zaradi visočinata na ogradata.We had a disagreement with our neighbors over the height of the new fence.
  20. used to say that something fills something, covers something, etc., with, of, by
    Гаражът е пълен с боклуци.Garažǎt e pǎlen s bokluci.The garage is filled with junk.
    бутилка, пълна с млякоbutilka, pǎlna s mljakoa bottle full of milk
    ваза с цветяvaza s cvetjaa vase of flowers
    Стената цялата е покрита с графити.Stenata cjalata e pokrita s grafiti.The wall is completely covered with graffiti.
    Езерото е заобиколено с дървета.Ezeroto e zaobikoleno s dǎrveta.The lake is surrounded with/by trees.
  21. used in wishes, greetings, salutations, parting phrases, etc.
    Със здраве!Sǎs zdrave!So long!
    с най-добри пожеланияs naj-dobri poželanija(with) best wishes
    с поздравs pozdravbest regards
    с уважениеs uvaženierespectfully yours
    сбогомsbogomgoodbye
Usage notes[edit]

In writing, със is used in front of words starting with с or з and с is used elsewhere. In speech, с and със are used interchangeably. In writing and in speech, със is also used as a stressed form of с, even before words not beginning with с or з, as in

със или без твоя помощsǎs ili bez tvoja pomoštwith or without your help.

In verse, със can also be used in front of words not starting with с or з in order to maintain the syllable structure of the line.


Ossetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (s) (upper case С)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Ossetian alphabet

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (s) (lower case, upper case С)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Russian Cyrillic alphabet. Its name is эс (es) and it has the sound of English s. It is preceded by Р (R) and followed by Т (T).

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

с (s)

  1. with (+ instrumental case)
    с (мои́м) бра́томs (moím) brátomwith (my) brother
    с (мое́й) сестро́йs (mojéj) sestrójwith (my) sister
    со все́миso vsémiwith everybody
    со мнойso mnojwith me
    с тобо́йs tobójwith you
  2. from, off, from off, from below (with abstract nouns; nouns entailing a flat, open area; and special exceptions) (+ genitive case)
    с по́чтыs póčtyfrom the post office
    с по́ляs póljafrom the field
    с рабо́тыs rabótyfrom work
    со стола́so stoláoff the table
    сдёрнуть ска́терть со стола́sdjórnutʹ skátertʹ so stoláto pull the cloth off the table
    с нача́ла до конца́s načála do koncáfrom beginning to end
  3. because of, since (expressing a cause of motivation) (+ genitive case)
    с испу́гаs ispúgadue to being frightened
  4. for, about (indefinite time or number) (+ accusative case)
  5. (for indicating a duration of time; used in two forms: с +genitive по +accusative and с +genitive до +genitive)
    Ремо́нт гла́вного зда́ния бу́дет проводи́ться с два́дцать пя́того января́ по седьмо́е февраля́
    Remónt glávnovo zdánija búdet provodítʹsja s dvádcatʹ pjátovo janvarjá po sedʹmóje fevraljá
    The renovation of the main building will be conducted from January 25th to February 7th.
  6. (for time expressions)
    с ка́ждым го́домs káždym gódomfrom year to year, year by year, year after year
Usage notes[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Abbreviation of санти- (santi-).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [sənʲtʲɪ] (phonetic respelling: санти-)

Prefix[edit]

с (s)

  1. centi- (0.01)
References[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

с (Latin spelling s)

  1. The 21st letter of the Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic alphabet, preceded by р and followed by т.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (see usage notes) са

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

с (Latin spelling s)

  1. (with instrumental) with, together with, along with
    радити с неким — to work with somebody
    свађати се с неким — to quarrel with somebody
    ратовати с неким — to wage war with somebody
    д(ј)евојка с плавом косом — a girl with blonde hair
    с годинама долази мудрост — with age comes wisdom
    с љубављу — with love
  2. (with instrumental) miscellaneous prepositional senses in various phrases
    шта/што је с тобом? — what's wrong with you?
    с временом — in time
    поздравити се с неким — to greet somebody
  3. (with genitive) from, off
    пао сам са стабла — I fell from the tree
    с друге стране — on the other side
    са запада — from the west
    с леђа — from the back
    проматрати с прозора — to observe from the window
    људи с планине — people from the mountain
  4. (with genitive) because of (= из, збо̏г)
    с тог разлога — because of that reason
Usage notes[edit]

с takes the alternative form са in the following environments:

  • before /s, š, z, ž/:
    са стра́не̄ — aside
    са шко̑ло̄м — with school
    са зу̑бом — with tooth
    са живо̀том — with life
  • before consonant clusters where the second consonant is /s, š, z/:
    са̀ псом (са псо̏м) — with dog
    са пшѐницо̄м — with wheat
    са р̏за̄њем — with neighing
  • before instrumental form of first-person pronoun ја̑ (I)
    са̏ мно̑м — with me

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

с (Roman spelling s)

  1. (grammar) neuter gender (средњи род)