Appendix:Old Cyrillic script

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Wikipedia Wikipedia This appendix explains characters written in the Old Cyrillic script.

This is the Cyrillic alphabet, as used in Old Church Slavonic and other Slavic languages before the eighteenth century. Sound is transcribed in the International Phonetic Alphabet. Transliteration method is the scholarly system used in linguistics.

Text entry[edit]

The classic Cyrillic alphabet has different writing and typographical conventions from the modern.

  • е, Е (е, Е)– the normal, narrow letter iest is represented by the Cyrillic letter е (Unicode U+0435). This should be used in most entries.
  • є, Є (є, Є) – the broad, or anchor, form of iest is represented by the Cyrillic letter є (U+0454). This should appear in a main or alternate-form entry where it is attested, and should be used in a citation following the source.
  • оу, ОУ (, ОУ) Should be entered as two separate characters (о+у, О+У). The Unicode combined Uk Ѹ, ѹ (U+0478, U+0479) is deprecated.
  • ꙑ, Ꙑ (, ) should be used instead of the modern ы, Ы.
  • ꙗ, Ꙗ (, ) should be used instead of the modern я, Я.

The Cyrillic alphabet[edit]

Old Cyrillic alphabet (ISO 15924 code Cyrs)
Letter Old Church Slavonic names Num. value Sound Translit.
а азъ ‎(azŭ) 1 [a] a
б боукꙑ ‎(buky) [b] b
в вѣди ‎(vědi), вѣдѣ ‎(vědě) 2 [v] v
г глаголи ‎(glagoli), глаголъ ‎(glagolŭ) 3 [ɡ] g
д добро ‎(dobro) 4 [d] d
е, є ѥсть ‎(jestĭ), естъ ‎(estŭ) 5 [ɛ] ([jɛ] when not preceded by a consonant) e
ж живѣте ‎(živěte) [ʒʲ]~[ʒ] ž
, ѕ ѕѣло ‎(dzělo), зѣло ‎(zělo) 6 [d͡z]~[d͡zʲ]~[zʲ] dz
, з землꙗ ‎(zemlja) 7 [z] z
и и ‎(i), ижеи ‎(ižei) 8 [i] (usually [ji] or [jɪ] when not preceded by a consonant) i
і ї иже ‎(iže) 10 [i] (usually [ji] or [jɪ] when not preceded by a consonant) i
ꙉeрвь ‎(ꙉervĭ), дервь ‎(dervĭ) [gʲ]~[dʲ]~[j] ǵ
к како ‎(kako) 20 [k] k
л людьѥ ‎(ljudĭje), людиѥ ‎(ljudije) 30 [l] (sometimes [ʎ]) l
м мꙑслите ‎(myslite), мꙑслѣте ‎(myslěte) 40 [m] m
н нашь ‎(našĭ) 50 [n] (sometimes [ɲ]) n
о онъ ‎(onŭ) 70 [o]~[ɔ] o
п покои ‎(pokoi) 80 [p] p
р рьци ‎(rĭci) 100 [r] (sometimes [rʲ]) r
с слово ‎(slovo) 200 [s] s
т тврьдо ‎(tvrĭdo), тврдо ‎(tvrdo), твердо ‎(tverdo) 300 [t] t
оу оукъ ‎(ukŭ), икъ ‎(ikŭ) 400 [u] u
ф фьртъ ‎(fĭrtŭ), фртъ ‎(frtŭ) 500 [f] (occasionally [p]) f
х хѣръ ‎(xěrŭ), херь ‎(xerĭ) 600 [x] x
ѡ ѿ ѡтъ ‎(otŭ) 800 [o]~[ɔ] o (ô)
ц ци ‎(ci) 900 [t͡s]~[t͡sʲ] c
ч чрьвь ‎(črĭvĭ) 90 [t͡ʃ]~[t͡ʃʲ] č
ш ша ‎(ša) [ʃ]~[ʃʲ] š
щ ща ‎(šta), шта ‎(šta) [tʲ]~[ʃʲtʲ]~[ʃt͡ʃ]~[ʃt] št
ъ ѥръ ‎(jerŭ) [ʊ]~[ŭ] (neutralized to [ɪ] after ж, ѕ, ц, ч, ш, щ, жд) ŭ (ъ, ”)
, ъи ‎(ŭi) ѥрꙑ ‎(jery) [ɯ]~[ɨ] or [ɯji]~[ɯjɪ]~[ɯjĭ] y
ь ѥрь ‎(jerĭ) [ɪ]~[ĭ] ǐ (ь, ’)
ѣ ѣть ‎(ětĭ), ꙗть ‎(jatĭ) [æ] ([e] in western South Slavic dialects) ě
ю ю ‎(ju) [ju] ([u] after ж, ѕ, ц, ч, ш, щ, жд) ju
‎(ja), иꙗ ‎(ija) [ja] ja
ѥ ѥ ‎(je), иѥ ‎(ije) [jɛ] je
ѧ (variant: я) ѧсъ ‎(ęsŭ), юсъ малыи ‎(jusŭ malyi) 900 [ɛ̃] ([jɛ̃] when not preceded by a consonant) ę
ѩ ѩсъ ‎(jęsŭ), юсъ малыи иотірованныи ‎(jusŭ malyi iotirovannyi) [jɛ̃]
ѫ ѫсъ ‎(ǫsŭ), юсъ большии ‎(jusŭ bolĭšii) [ɔ̃] ǫ
ѭ ѭсъ ‎(jǫsŭ), юсъ больший иотірованныи ‎(jusŭ bolĭšiй iotirovannyi) [jɔ̃]
ѯ кси ‎(ksi) 60 [ks] ks
ѱ пси ‎(psi) 700 [ps] ps
ѳ ѳита ‎(θita) 9 [t]~[θ] θ (th, ḟ)
ѵ ижица ‎(ižica) 400 [i]~[y], [v] ü (ẏ)

Fonts[edit]

Note: some characters may not display without a suitable Unicode 5.1 font. Some fonts can be downloaded from:

References[edit]

  • Lunt, Horace G. Old Church Slavonic Grammar, Seventh Edition, 2001.
  • Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, eds. (1996). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-507993-0.