ъ

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See also: ь, ѣ, Ъ, and Ь
Cirila-ъ-minuskla.svg
ъ U+044A, ъ
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
щ
[U+0449]
Cyrillic ы
[U+044B]

Translingual[edit]

Cyrillic letter ъ
Handwritten forms

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (italics) Ъ, ъ

Etymology[edit]

Glagolitic letter yer’, the source for ъ (ŭ)

Modification of Glagolitic letter yer’ ().

Letter[edit]

ъ (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. A letter of the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ъ (ǎ) (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. The letter ер голям (er goljám, big er), the twenty-seventh letter of the Bulgarian alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: щ (št)
  • Next letter: ь (j)

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

This letter has no pronunciation of its own. It instead functions as a graphic sign.

Letter[edit]

ъ () (lower case, upper case Ъ)

  1. The letter твёрдый знак (tvjórdyj znak, hard sign), the twenty-eighth letter of the Russian alphabet

Usage notes[edit]

In Russian, this letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced hard (i.e., unpalatalized). Some writers use ' (apostrophe) instead of ъ, e.g. съезд (sʺjezd) — с'езд, which is considered non-standard or obsolete. After the 1918 spelling reform when the usage of "ъ" was heavily reduced, some typewriters did not have the letter at all, forcing people to use ' (apostrophe).

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: щ (šč)
  • Next letter: ы (y)
  • Soft sign: ь (ʹ)