у

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Translingual[edit]

Cirila-у-minuskla.svg
у U+0443, у
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
т
[U+0442]
Cyrillic ф
[U+0444]
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter[edit]

у (upper case У)

  1. A letter of the Cyrillic script, called u.

Gallery[edit]


Abaza[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The forty-seventh letter of the Abaza alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Abkhaz[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The forty-first letter of the Abkhaz alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Adyghe[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The forty-first letter of the Adyghe alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Aghul[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Aghul alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Alutor[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Alutor alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Archi[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The sixty-seventh letter of the Archi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Avar[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Avar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Bashkir[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Bashkir alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Belarusian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Belarusian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Belarusian въ (v), from Old East Slavic въ (), from Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. in (+ locative case)
  2. to, into (+ accusative case)
Usage notes[edit]
  • The forms у (u) (used after consonants or at the beginning of a clause) and ў (ŭ) (used after vowels) differ in pronunciation but are considered variants of the same word.
Alternative forms[edit]
  • ў (ŭ) (after vowels)
  • ва (va) (when the next word starts in ў; also before мне)
  • ува (uva) (before мне, ўсіх, ўсім; according to the Taraškievica standard, may be used before any word starting with ў and is mandatory before мне, ўсё, ўсіх, ўсім, ўсенькім)
  • ўва (ŭva) (according to the Taraškievica standard, is used after vowels before мне, ўсё, ўсіх, ўсім, ўсенькім)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Belarusian у (u), from Inherited from Old East Slavic у (u), from Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. at, by, near, in the possession of (+ genitive case)
Usage notes[edit]
  • The forms у (u) (used after consonants or at the beginning of a clause) and ў (ŭ) (used after vowels) differ in pronunciation but are considered variants of the same word.

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *u.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. at (someone)'s place
    у нас
    u nas
    at our place
    у дома́
    u domá
    at home
  2. to (someone)'s place
  3. with (someone), in (someone's) possession
    У кого́ е кни́гата?
    U kogó e knígata?
    Who has the book?
    (literally, “In whose possession is the book?”)
  4. among (people/animals) (in reference to a quality)
    това́ ка́чество се нами́ра у ня́кои хо́ра
    tová káčestvo se namíra u njákoi hóra
    this quality is found among some people
    създа́вам впечатле́ние у ня́кого
    sǎzdávam vpečatlénie u njákogo
    to make an impression on someone

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

у (u)

  1. wow!
  2. ugh, yuck

Buryat[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Buryat alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Chechen[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Chechen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Chukchi[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Chukchi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Chuvash[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Chuvash alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Crimean Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Dargwa[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Dargwa alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Dungan[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Dungan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Eastern Mari[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *wuďe. Cognates include Finnish uusi, Estonian uus, Northern Sami ođas, and Hungarian új.

Adjective[edit]

у (u)

  1. new

Antonyms[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Eastern Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Even[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Even alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Evenki[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Evenki alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Ingush[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Ingush alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Itelmen[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Itelmen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Kabardian[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Kabardian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Kalmyk[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kalmyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic у (u)
Arabic ۋ
Latin

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /w/ (consonantal)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʉw/ (front)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /uw/ (back)

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kazakh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āgu (poison).

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (ağu, poison); Bashkir ағыу (ağıw), Tatar агу (ağu), Uzbek og'i, Turkish ağı, Turkmen awy (poison, toxin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

у (u)

  1. poison
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Khakas[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Khakas alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Kumyk[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kumyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Kyrgyz[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Lezgi[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Lezgi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /u/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [u]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: у

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Macedonian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *u.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. (dialectal) at, by, near
    у до́маu dómaat home
    у ме́не сè е до́бро.u méne sè e dóbro.I'm fine. (literally, “Everything's fine with me.”)
    у на́сu násat our place
  2. (dialectal) in the possession of (used to express "to have")
    У те́бе и́ма мо́лив?U tébe íma móliv?Do you have a pencil?
    У ме́не не́ма мо́лив.U méne néma móliv.I don’t have a pencil.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. (dialectal) in
    О́дам у поне́делник.Ódam u ponédelnik.I'm going in Monday.

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

у (u)

  1. wow!
    У!U!Wow!
  2. ugh, yuck, ew
    У, шо?U, šo?Ew, what?

References[edit]

  • у” in Дигитален речник на македонскиот јазик (Digitalen rečnik na makedonskiot jazik) [Digital dictionary of the Macedonian language] − drmj.eu

Mansi[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Mansi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian у (u).

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Mongolian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Noun[edit]

у (u)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter У / у.

See also[edit]


Nivkh[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Nivkh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Old East Slavic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *u. Cognates include Old Church Slavonic оу (u) and Old Polish u.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /u/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /u/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /u/
  • Hyphenation: у

Preposition[edit]

у (u) (+ genitive)

  1. at, by
  2. away from
  3. in the possession of
Descendants[edit]
  • Old Ruthenian: у (u)
    • Belarusian: у (u)
    • Rusyn: у (u)
    • Ukrainian: у (u)
  • Russian: у (u)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *(j)u.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈu/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈu/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈu/
  • Hyphenation: у

Adverb[edit]

у (u)

  1. yet

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /ˈu/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /ˈu/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /ˈu/
  • Hyphenation: у

Interjection[edit]

у (u)

  1. alas!

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ca. 9th CE) IPA(key): /u/
  • (ca. 11th CE) IPA(key): /u/
  • (ca. 13th CE) IPA(key): /u/
  • Hyphenation: у

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. (+ locative) Alternative form of въ (, inside)
  2. (+ accusative) Alternative form of въ (, into)

References[edit]


Orok[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Orok alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Ossetian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Ossetian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Moldovan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Russian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Noun[edit]

у (un inan (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter У.
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter U.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

у (um inan (indeclinable)

  1. Wu (language)

Etymology 3[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic у (u), from Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition[edit]

у (u) (+ genitive case)

  1. at, by, near
    сиде́ть у окна́sidétʹ u oknáto sit by the window
    жить у мо́ряžitʹ u mórjato live by the sea
    Оте́ц у сы́на.Otéc u sýna.The father is at his son’s (house).
    Ско́лько у тебя́ вре́мени?Skólʹko u tebjá vrémeni?What's the time for you?
    У меня́ всё хорошо́.U menjá vsjó xorošó.I'm fine. (literally, “Everything's fine with me.”)
    У нас всё получи́лось.U nas vsjó polučílosʹ.We managed to do it. (literally, “Everything worked out for us.”)
  2. in the possession of (used to express "to have")
    У вас есть каранда́ш?U vas jestʹ karandáš?Do you have a pencil?
    У меня́ нет карандаша́.U menjá net karandašá.I don’t have a pencil.
  3. belonging to (used to denote ownership of body parts or appendages of objects)
    но́жка у сту́лаnóžka u stúlachair leg
    У меня́ боли́т живо́т.U menjá bolít živót.My stomach hurts.
    У вас в голове́ не укла́дывается.U vas v golové ne ukládyvajetsja.It's not getting into your head.
  4. from, of
    узна́ть у друзе́йuznátʹ u druzéjto learn from friends
    попроси́ть у кого́-либо проще́нияpoprosítʹ u kovó-libo proščénijato ask forgiveness of someone

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (lower case, upper case У, Latin spelling u)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Preposition[edit]

у (Latin spelling u)

  1. (+ locative case) in, at (without change of position, answering the question гдје̏/где̏)
    бити у школиto be in school
    у ц(иј)елом друштвуin the whole society
  2. (+ accusative case) to, into (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да)
    ићи у школуto go to school
    путовати у Америкуto travel to America
  3. (+ accusative case) on, in, at, during (in expressions concerning time)
    у поднеat noon
    у ср(иј)едуon Wednesday
    у зоруat dawn
    У колико сати?At what time?
  4. (+ locative case) in, during (in expressions concerning time)
    у једном дануin one day
    у младостиduring one's youth

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *u.

Preposition[edit]

у (Latin spelling u)

  1. (+ genitive case) chez

Southern Altai[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Southern Altai alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Tabasaran[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Tabasaran alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Tajik[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Tajik alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Tundra Nenets[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Tundra Nenets alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Tuvan[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Tuvan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Udmurt[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Udmurt alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Ukrainian alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *vъ(n).

Preposition[edit]

у (u)

  1. (+ locative case) in, at

Uzbek[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Uzbek alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Western Mari[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Western Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]


Yakut[edit]

Letter[edit]

у (u) (lower case, upper case У)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Yakut alphabet, called у (u), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also[edit]