куда

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Related to dialectal ку́да се (kúda se, to gratify). Further origin disputed:

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ку́да (kúdaf (diminutive ку́дица) (dialectal)

  1. (Eastern dialects) group, ensemble, fellowship
    Synonyms: дружи́на (družína), гру́па (grúpa)
    ку́да рабо́тнициkúda rabótniciworking group, group of workers
  2. (Rhodopian dialects) flock, swarm
    Synonym: я́то (játo)
    ку́да пти́циkúda ptíciflock of birds
  3. (Upper Shop dialects) caroling choir
    Synonym: коледа́рска дружи́на (koledárska družína)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely related to the noun, possibly denominative. According to Georgiev (БЕР), the secondary meaning “to tend, to protect” follows from an earlier “to befriend”.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ку́да (kúdaimpf (perfective ку́дна) (dialectal)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) to associate with, to form relationship
  2. (transitive, in Strandzha, by extension) to tend, to protect, to heed
  3. (transitive, by extension) to kiss platonically, to osculate
  4. (reflexive) (~ се) to express appreciation towards (usually + с (s, with))
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • ку́тя (kútja, to tend, to look after a child) (dialectal)
See also[edit]

References[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kǫda.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kʊˈda]
  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

куда́ (kudá)

  1. (to) where?
    Куда́ идёшь?Kudá idjóšʹ?Where are you going?
  2. why?
    Куда́ така́я спе́шка?Kudá takája spéška?Why the rush?
  3. (colloquial, in a comparison) much (more), a lot (more)
    Synonyms: гора́здо (gorázdo), намно́го (namnógo)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kǫda.

Adverb[edit]

ку̀да (Latin spelling kùda)

  1. which way, in what direction
    Куда си ишао?
    Which way did you go?

Conjunction[edit]

куда (Latin spelling kuda)

  1. which way, in what direction