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Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (-ja)used after a soft consonant

Suffix[edit]

(-a)

  1. Noun-forming suffix used to form diminutives of proper names; used after a hard (unpalatalized) consonant.

Etymology 2[edit]

From early Proto-Slavic *-ja.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (-a) (non-iotating)

Suffix[edit]

(-a)

  1. Noun-forming suffix used to form abstract nouns and agent nouns from prefixed stems ending in a consonant that becomes a hushing consonant (ш ж ч щ) when iotated. The final consonant of the stem is iotated before this suffix.
    по- (po-) + клад- (klad-, to lay, to put)покла́жа (pokláža, load)
    пропа́д- (propád-, to disappear)пропа́жа (propáža, disappearance, loss)
    пред- (pred-, before) + тек- (tek-, to flow)предте́ча (predtéča, forerunner, precursor)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-a.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (-a) (iotating)

Suffix[edit]

(-a)

  1. Noun-forming suffix used to form abstract nouns and agent nouns from prefixed stems. The final consonant of the stem is not iotated before this suffix.
    про- (pro-) + сек- (sek-, to cut)про́сека (próseka, path cleared in a forest)
    от- (ot-) + рад (rad, glad)отра́да (otráda, joy)

Derived terms[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(Latin spelling -a)

  1. Suffix appended to words (usually verbal stems) to create a feminine noun, usually denoting a relation or to form a proper noun.