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за- ‎(za-)

  1. (used with verbs) behind, beyond
    • идти́‎ ― idtí(impf.) to go
    • зайти́‎ ― zajtí(pf.) to go behind, to go beyond; to call on
  2. (used with verbs) begin doing (describing an action of commencing)
  3. (used with verbs) in advance (describing an action of doing something ahead of time)
  4. (used with verbs) to the finish, to the end (describing a completed result)
    заасфальти́ровать‎ ― zaasfalʹtírovatʹ ― to re-surface
    забели́ть‎ ― zabelítʹ ― to whiten
  5. (used with verbs) (describing an action of covering something, of being covered, or hiding behind something)
  6. (used with verbs) (describing an intensified or extreme action or an action of doing something up to the point that an object becomes a junk)
    • чита́ть‎ ― čitátʹ(impf.) to read
    • зачита́ть‎ ― začitátʹ(pf.) to read (a book, as well as not returning it back; until it becomes all torn apart; simply reading out loud, denoting that the loud voice is a sign of intensified or extreme action)
    • засиде́ться‎ ― zasidétʹsja(pf.) to sit down, stay for quite a long time (denoting that the long duration of sitting is a sign of intensified or extreme action)
    • заду́мать‎ ― zadúmatʹ(pf.) to reflect, become lost in thoughts
  7. (used with verbs) (describing an action that implies the existence of barriers, obstacles, or hinderance)
  8. with reflexive -ся, to do with abandonment
    заговори́ться‎ ― zagovorítʹsja ― to spout nonsense; to rattle on; to have a long talk with, forgetting the time
  9. place names
    Закарпатье‎ ― Zakarpatʹje ― Transcarpathia
    Закавка́зье‎ ― Zakavkázʹje ― Transcaucasia

Derived terms[edit]