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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



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Cognate with East Lithuanian аžù (аž before vowels) from *аžúо (behind), dial. Latvian аz, âz alongside with àiz- (behind, beyond).



  1. (+instrumental) behind, after (stationary)
    Synonym: *zadi
    Antonyms: *perdъ, *perdi
  2. (+accusative) behind, after (motion to)
    Antonym: *perdъ
  3. (+accusative) in (time), during
    Synonym: *ob
  4. (+accusative) for, in exchange for, for the purpose of, in favour of
    Synonym: *vъz
  5. (+genitive) for, because of


  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: за (za)
    • Russian: за (za)
    • Ukrainian: за (za)
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: za
    • Polish: za
    • Slovak: za
    • Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian: za
      • Lower Sorbian: za


  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “за”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress