Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/za

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This reconstruction page lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Cognate with East Lithuanian аžù (аž before vowels) from *аžúо (behind), dial. Latvian аz, âz alongside with àiz- (behind, beyond).

Preposition[edit]

*za

  1. (+instrumental) behind, after (stationary)
    Synonym: *zadi
    Antonyms: *perdъ, *perdi
  2. (+accusative) behind, after (motion to)
    Antonym: *perdъ
  3. (+accusative) in (time), during
    Synonym: *ob
  4. (+accusative) for, in exchange for, for the purpose of, in favour of
    Synonym: *vъz
  5. (+genitive) for, because of

Descendants[edit]

  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: за (za)
    • Russian: за (za)
    • Ukrainian: за (za)
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: za
    • Polish: za
    • Slovak: za
    • Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian: za
      • Lower Sorbian: za

References[edit]

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “за”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress