-ок

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Russian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ок (-ok) (also -ёк (-jok) after certain letters, especially paired soft consonants)

  1. (highly productive, takes male nouns, produces male nouns, often diminutive, rarely derogatory)[1]
    дубо́кdubókoakling, little oak
    шумо́кšumóknoise
    чаёкčajóktea, colloquial, endearing
    ручеёкručejóklittle brook
    уголёкugoljókember
    уголо́кugolókcorner
    пенёкpenjóksmall stump
    зверёкzverjóklittle beast
    кренделёкkrendeljókguy, dude, bloke; slang, often pejorative
    кренделёкkrendeljókpretzel
    типо́кtipókman, guy; colloqual, likely pejorative
  2. (highly productive, takes given name, produces given name, diminutive) paired with -ик, -ук, -юк[2]
    ИгорёкIgorjókИгорь
    СашокSašokСаша
    Арти́кArtíkАртур
  3. (productive, colloquial, unstressed, takes verbs, produces nouns) an object that remains after process is done[3]
    обре́зокobrézokclipping
    объе́докobʺjédokscrap
    оку́рокokúrokbutt
    набро́сокnabrósoksketch
    сле́покslépokmold
  4. (animate, takes verbs, produces nouns) agent[4]
    ездо́кjezdókrider
    стрело́кstrelókshooter
    знато́кznatókcognoscente
  5. (takes verbs, produces nouns) a tool or mean of an action[5]
    скребо́кskrebókscraper
    мано́кmanókbait
  6. (inanimate, takes verbs, produces nouns) subject of an action[6]
    росто́кrostóksprout, shoot
    гудо́кgudókhooter, car honk
    поплаво́кpoplavókfloat
  7. (takes verbs, produces nouns) place of an action[7]
    като́кkatókice skating rink
  8. (productive, colloquial, stressed, takes verbs, produces nouns) one occurrence of an action; separate act[8]
    глото́кglotókswallow, gulp
    киво́кkivóknod
    зево́кzevókyawn, gape
    пино́кpinókkick
    мазо́кmazókdab, stroke
    бросо́кbrosókthrow
    скачо́кskačókjump, leap
    толчо́кtolčókpush
    хлопокxlopokclap, slap
    шлепо́кšlepókslap, smack
    клевокklevokpeck
    храпокxrapokan instance of snoring
    звонокzvonokbell
    скребо́кskrebókscraper
    гребокgrebokstroke of an oar
    прыжо́кpryžókjump
    кувыро́кkuvyrókroll, somersault
    фырокfyrok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    плево́кplevókspit
  9. (takes adjective, produces nouns)[9]
    желто́кželtókyolk
    бело́кbelókwhite
    белёкbeljókyoung seal
    малёкmaljókwhitebait
    дичо́кdičókwilding (botany)
    мило́кmilók(address) dear, good man
    ва́ленокválenokfelt boot
    ка́танокkátanokfelt boot
  10. (takes male nouns, produces nouns) paired with -ик; of the same property[10]
    глазо́кglazókpeephole
    d:Q82711
    глазо́кglazók(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    d:Q16636998
    язычо́кjazyčók(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    кулачо́кkulačókcam
    но́сикnósiktoe
    но́сикnósikface
    но́сикnósikspout
  11. (with недо-, productive, colloquial, takes nouns, produces nouns) undeveloped or transitional object[11]
    недопёсокnedopjósokyoung polar fox
    недолетокnedoletok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    недолисокnedolisok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  12. (takes nouns, produces nouns) paired with -иц, -ица, -ак, -ака, -як, -яка; a piece of, one of them [12]
    крупи́цаkrupícagrain
    мелокmelokchalk
    железя́каželezjákapiece of iron
  13. (takes numeral, produces nouns)[13]
    пято́кpjatókfive (of something)
    деся́токdesjátokten (of something)
  14. (takes prepositions, produces nouns)[14]
    пре́докprédokancestor
  15. (unproductive, takes nouns, produces nouns)[15]
    бесце́нокbescénok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  16. (with за-, unproductive, takes nouns, produces nouns) an object behind something or in the background[16]
    закры́локzakrýlok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  17. (with за-, unproductive, takes nouns, produces nouns) located behind and look alike[17]
    загорбокzagorbokupper part of the back (colloquial)
  18. (with о-, unproductive, takes nouns, produces nouns) adjacent[18]
    оголовокogolovokcap, hatchway
    огузокoguzokrump
    окостокokostok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  19. (with от-, unproductive, takes nouns, produces nouns) separated from, produced by[19]
    отголо́сокotgolósokecho
    отроекotrojekdistant swarm
    отзимокotzimoksudden frost in spring
  20. (with па-, unproductive, produces nouns) alike, but not equal[20]
    сынпа́сынокsyn → pásynokstepson
    труба́па́трубокtrubá → pátrubok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    дымпадымокdym → padymok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    вода́па́водокvodá → pávodok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    го́леньпаголенокgólenʹ → pagolenok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  21. (with пере-, slightly productive, produces nouns) paired with ; in between, during break (about location or time)[21]
    леспереле́сокles → perelésok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    перелесье→ perelesʹje(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    перелесица→ perelesica(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    ше́япереше́екšéja → perešéjek(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    мирпереми́риеmir → peremírije(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пересменок→ peresmenok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    переу́лок→ pereúlok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    переле́сок→ perelésok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    перелесье→ perelesʹje(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пересменок→ peresmenok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  22. (with пере-, unproductive, produces nouns) paired with , -ица; crossing, intersection[22]
    крестперекрестьеkrest → perekrestʹje(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    крестперекрёстокkrest → perekrjóstok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    путьперепутьеputʹ → pereputʹje(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    носпереносьеnos → perenosʹje(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    носперено́сицаnos → perenósica(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  23. (with по-, unproductive, produces nouns)[23]
    годпого́докgod → pogódok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  24. (with под-, unproductive, produces nouns) beneath[24]
    подборо́док→ podboródok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подгру́док→ podgrúdok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подле́сок→ podlésok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подкрылок→ podkrylok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подра́мок→ podrámok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подшёрсток→ podšórstok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подпе́чек→ podpéček(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  25. (with под-, unproductive, produces nouns) paired with -ик, -ник; undeveloped animal or object[25]
    груздьподгруздокgruzdʹ → podgruzdok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    лисаподлисокlisa → podlisok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    язьподъя́зокjazʹ → podʺjázok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    язьподъязикjazʹ → podʺjazik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подсвинок→ podsvinok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подтелок→ podtelok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подлещик→ podleščik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подъёршик→ podʺjóršik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подорлик→ podorlik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подсумок→ podsumok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подпилок→ podpilok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    подголосок→ podgolosok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пасту́хподпа́сокpastúx → podpások(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    судья́подсу́докsudʹjá → podsúdok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    часово́йподчасокčasovój → podčasok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    кула́кподкула́чникkulák → podkuláčnik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    КумаПодкумокKuma → Podkumok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  26. (with пред-, unproductive, produces nouns)[26]
    предкры́лок→ predkrýlok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  27. (with при-, unproductive, produces nouns) paired with -ник, -ень; adjacent[27]
    прилистник→ prilistnik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    прицветник→ pricvetnik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    приямок→ prijamok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    приго́рок→ prigórok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    приселок→ priselok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    привратник→ privratnik(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    при́хвостень→ príxvostenʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  28. (with при-, unproductive, produces nouns) paired with -ка; adjacent[28]
    присту́пок→ pristúpok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    присту́пка→ pristúpka(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    ступе́нь→ stupénʹ(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  29. (with про-, unproductive, produces nouns) in between[29]
    просте́нок→ prosténok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пролесок→ prolesok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    прожи́лок→ prožílok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    просёлок→ prosjólok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    проу́лок→ proúlok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  30. (with су-, unproductive, produces nouns)[30]
    сугли́нок→ suglínok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  31. (with о- и об-, unproductive, produces nouns) paired with -ки (plurale tantum), -j, -ина[31]
    кури́тьоку́рокkurítʹ → okúrok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    горе́тьога́рокgorétʹ → ogárok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    мылитьобмы́локmylitʹ → obmýlok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    коло́тьоско́локkolótʹ → oskólok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    естьобъе́докjestʹ → obʺjédok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    питьопи́вкиpitʹ → opívki(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пили́тьопи́лкиpilítʹ → opílki(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    коси́тьоко́сьеkosítʹ → okósʹje(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    кали́тьока́линаkalítʹ → okálina(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  32. (unproductive, produces nouns) overdone, with a negative outcome[32]
    ста́рыйпереста́рокstáryj → perestárok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  33. (unproductive, animate or inanimate, produces nouns) subject with a qualifier in the first stem[33]
    первого́док→ pervogódok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    одного́док→ odnogódok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуго́док→ polugódok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полукро́вок→ polukróvok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    малоле́ток→ malolétok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    одноле́ток→ odnolétok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    трехле́ток→ trexlétok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    одномерок→ odnomerok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    маломерок→ malomerok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    четырехстенок→ četyrexstenok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    пятистенок→ pjatistenok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    перволёдок→ pervoljódok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    первопу́ток→ pervopútok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полушу́бок→ polušúbok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуша́лок→ polušálok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    полуста́нок→ polustánok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    шальполуша́локšalʹ → polušálok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    путьпервопу́токputʹ → pervopútok(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    ста́нцияполуста́нокstáncija → polustánok(please add an English translation of this usage example)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ §413 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  2. ^ §429 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  3. ^ §221.2 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  4. ^ §221.1.а of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  5. ^ §221.1.б of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  6. ^ §221.1.в of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  7. ^ §221.1.г of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  8. ^ §270 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  9. ^ §313 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  10. ^ §398 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  11. ^ §510 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  12. ^ §411 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  13. ^ §444 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  14. ^ §445 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  15. ^ §504 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  16. ^ §506.а of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  17. ^ §506.б of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  18. ^ §511 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  19. ^ §513 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  20. ^ §514 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  21. ^ §515 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  22. ^ §515 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  23. ^ §516 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  24. ^ §517 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  25. ^ §518 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  26. ^ §519 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  27. ^ §520 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  28. ^ §520 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  29. ^ §521 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  30. ^ §525 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  31. ^ §529 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  32. ^ §534 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1
  33. ^ §574 of Грамматика русского языка, volume 1

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ок (Latin spelling -ok)

  1. Suffix appended to the present stem of verbs to form an adjective denoting a feature or a dimension.

See also[edit]