-ина

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See also: -иња

Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ina.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • -ина: IPA(key): [ʲɪnə]
  • -и́на: IPA(key): [ˈʲinə]

Suffix[edit]

-ина or -и́на (-ina or -ína)

  1. suffix appended to nouns to form concrete nouns having the quality of the original noun
    верх (verx, top, upper part) + ‎-и́на (-ína) → ‎верши́на (veršína, peak, summit)
  2. -age; suffix appended to verbs to form a noun denoting a result
    проби́ть (probítʹ, to break through, to pierce) + ‎-ина (-ina) → ‎пробо́ина (probóina, hole, breach)
  3. suffix appended to mass nouns to form a noun denoting an individual item
    горо́х (goróx, peas, pease) + ‎-ина (-ina) → ‎горо́шина (goróšina, a pea)
    же́мчуг (žémčug, pearl (as a material), pearls) + ‎-ина (-ina) → ‎жемчу́жина (žemčúžina, a pearl)
  4. suffix appended to nouns or adjectives to form a noun denoting a kind of meat
    бара́н (barán, ram, sheep) + ‎-ина (-ina) → ‎бара́нина (baránina, mutton, lamb)
    свинья́ (svinʹjá, pig, hog) + ‎-и́на (-ína) → ‎свини́на (svinína, pork)
  5. suffix forming an augmentative, usually informal
    дом (dom, house) + ‎-и́на (-ína) → ‎доми́на (domína, huge house)
Usage notes[edit]
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ina.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ина́ (-iná)

  1. -ness, -th; suffix appended to adjectives to form a (usually abstract) noun denoting a state or quality
    глубо́кий (glubókij, deep) + ‎-ина́ (-iná) → ‎глубина́ (glubiná, depth)
    то́лстый (tólstyj, thick, fat) + ‎-ина́ (-iná) → ‎толщина́ (tolščiná, thickness)
    це́лый (célyj, whole, intact) + ‎-ина́ (-iná) → ‎целина́ (celiná, virgin land, unbroken expanse)
Usage notes[edit]
Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ina.

Suffix[edit]

-ина (Latin spelling -ina)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually denoting salary, tax or fee.
  2. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually denoting an object or kind of meat
  3. Suffix appended to noun roots to form an augmentative (the resulting noun is always feminine) frequently with pejorative connotation .

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]