top

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See also: TOP, Top, tốp, and töp

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English top, toppe, from Old English top (top, highest part; summit; crest; tassel, tuft; (spinning) top, ball; a tuft or ball at the highest point of anything), from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz (braid, pigtail, end), from Proto-Indo-European *dumb- (tail, rod, staff, penis). Cognate with Scots tap (top), North Frisian top, tap, tup (top), Saterland Frisian Top (top), West Frisian top (top), Dutch top (top, summit, peak), Low German Topp (top), German Zopf (braid, pigtail, plait, top), Swedish topp (top, peak, summit, tip), Icelandic toppur (top).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

top (countable and uncountable, plural tops)

  1. The highest or uppermost part of something.
    His kite got caught at the top of the tree.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, [].
    1. (irrespective of present orientation) the part of something that is usually the top.
      • 2017 October 1 (last accessed), Dewayne Carel, “Cooler Master V8 CPU Cooler”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1]:
        To mount the V8, I simply placed it on its top, and then prepped the mobo/CPU for installation (applied thermal compound).
      We flipped the machine onto its top.
    2. The uppermost part of a page, picture, viewing screen, etc.
      Further weather information can be found at the top of your television screen.  Headings appear at the tops of pages.
    3. A lid, cap or cover of a container.
      Put a top on the toothpaste tube or it will go bad.
    4. A garment worn to cover the torso.
      I bought this top as it matches my jeans.
    5. A framework at the top of a ship's mast to which rigging is attached.
    6. (baseball) The first half of an inning, during which the home team fields and the visiting team bats.
    7. (archaic) The crown of the head, or the hair upon it; the head.
  2. A child’s spinning toy; a spinning top.
    The boy was amazed at how long the top would spin.
  3. (heading) Someone who is eminent.
    1. (archaic) The chief person; the most prominent one.
      • (Can we date this quote by John Milton and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
        to be the top of zealots
    2. The highest rank; the most honourable position; the utmost attainable place.
      to be at the top of one's class, or at the top of the school
  4. (BDSM) A dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
  5. (LGBT, slang) A man penetrating or with a preference for penetrating during homosexual intercourse.
    I prefer being a top, and my boyfriend prefers being a bottom.
  6. (physics) A top quark.
  7. The utmost degree; the acme; the summit.
    • (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The top of my ambition is to contribute to that work.
  8. (ropemaking) A plug, or conical block of wood, with longitudinal grooves on its surface, in which the strands of the rope slide in the process of twisting.
  9. (sound) Highest pitch or loudest volume.
    She sang at the top of her voice.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. [] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.
  10. (wool manufacture) A bundle or ball of slivers of combed wool, from which the noils, or dust, have been taken out.
  11. (obsolete, except in one sense of phrase on top of) Eve; verge; point.
    • (Can we date this quote by Richard Knolles and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      He was upon the top of his marriage with Magdaleine.
  12. The part of a cut gem between the girdle, or circumference, and the table, or flat upper surface.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  13. (in the plural, slang, dated) Topboots.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Dickens to this entry?)
  14. (golf) A stroke on the top of the ball.
  15. (golf) A forward spin given to the ball by hitting it on or near the top.
  16. (in restaurants, preceded by a number) (A table at which there is, or which has enough seats for) a group of a specified number of people eating at a restaurant.
    • 2014, Jamey Glasnovic, Lost and Found: Adrift in the Canadian Rockies, →ISBN, page 144:
      [] but with only three other tables on the patio apart from myself – two three-tops and a five-top – it's hard to imagine what the holdup is.
    • 2015, Jeff Benjamin, Front of the House: Restaurant Manners, Misbehaviors & Secrets, →ISBN:
      It is uncanny how a server can stand in front of a ten top, without the safety net of pen and paper, and remember every item ordered by each guest including salads, []

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

top (third-person singular simple present tops, present participle topping, simple past and past participle topped)

  1. To cover on the top or with a top.
    I like my ice cream topped with chocolate sauce.
  2. To cut or remove the top (as of a tree)
    I don't want to be bald, so just top my hair.
    Top and tail the carrots.
    • 2003, Dan Prendergast, Erin Prendergast, The Tree Doctor: A Guide to Tree Care and Maintenance, →ISBN, page 78:
      Topping depletes the tree of stored energy reserves and reduces the tree's ability to produce energy, as a large percentage of the leaves are removed.
  3. To excel, to surpass, to beat.
    Titanic was the most successful film ever until it was topped by another Cameron film, Avatar.
  4. To be in the lead, to be at number one position (of).
    Celine Dion topped the UK music charts twice in the 1990s.
    • 2013, Phil McNulty, "[2]", BBC Sport, 26 December 2013:
      Liverpool topped the table on Christmas Day and, after Arsenal's win at West Ham earlier on Boxing Day, would have returned to the top had they been the first team to beat City at home this season.
  5. (Britain, slang, reflexive) To commit suicide.
    Depression causes many people to top themselves.
  6. (Britain, slang, rare) To murder.
  7. (BDSM) To be the dominant partner in a BDSM relationship or roleplay.
    I used to be a slave, but I ended up topping.
    Giving advice to the dominant partner on how to run the BDSM session is called "topping from the bottom".
  8. (slang, gay sexuality, intransitive) To be the partner who penetrates in anal sex.
  9. (slang, gay sexuality, transitive) To anally penetrate.
  10. (archaic) To rise aloft; to be eminent; to tower.
    lofty ridges and topping mountains
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Derham to this entry?)
  11. (archaic) To predominate.
    topping passions
    • (Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      influenced by topping uneasiness
  12. (archaic) To excel; to rise above others.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  13. (nautical) To raise one end of (a yard, etc.), making it higher than the other.
  14. (dyeing) To cover with another dye.
    to top aniline black with methyl violet to prevent greening
  15. To put a stiffening piece or back on (a saw blade).
  16. (slang, dated) To arrange (fruit, etc.) with the best on top.
  17. (of a horse) To strike the top of (an obstacle) with the hind feet while jumping, so as to gain new impetus.
  18. To improve (domestic animals, especially sheep) by crossing certain individuals or breeds with other superior breeds.
  19. To cut, break, or otherwise take off the top of (a steel ingot) to remove unsound metal.
  20. (golf) To strike (the ball) above the centre; also, to make (a stroke, etc.) by hitting the ball in this way.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[edit]

top (not comparable)

  1. Situated on the top of something.
  2. (informal) Best; of the highest quality or rank.
    She's in the top dance school.
  3. (informal) Very good, of high quality, power, or rank.
    He's a top lawyer.
    That is a top car.
    • 2018 July 31, Julia Carrie Wong, “What is QAnon? Explaining the bizarre rightwing conspiracy theory”, in The Guardian[3]:
      In a thread called “Calm Before the Storm”, and in subsequent posts, Q established his legend as a government insider with top security clearance who knew the truth about a secret struggle for power involving Donald Trump, the “deep state”, Robert Mueller, the Clintons, pedophile rings, and other stuff.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

top (not comparable)

  1. Rated first.
    She came top in her French exam.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

Noun[edit]

top m (indefinite plural tope, definite singular topi, definite plural topet)

  1. ball
  2. (in the plural) slang for testicles

Inflection[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Turkish top.

Noun[edit]

top (definite accusative topu, plural toplar)

  1. ball
  2. cannon
  3. (chess) rook

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Azerbaijani · şahmat fiquru (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
şah vəzir top fil at piyada

Baure[edit]

Noun[edit]

top

  1. fog

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

top

  1. ball
  2. lump
  3. cannon

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[4], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

top

  1. second-person singular imperative of topit

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

top c (singular definite toppen, plural indefinite toppe)

  1. summit, peak
  2. hairpiece
  3. top (uppermost part, lid, cap, cover, garment worn to cover the torso, child’s spinning toy)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

top

  1. (colloquial) great, very good

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

top m (plural toppen, diminutive topje n)

  1. top (uppermost part)
  2. (figuratively) apex
  3. summit, peak (high point of a mountain)
  4. summit, assembly
  5. top (piece of women's clothing)

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

top

  1. (denominal) first-person singular present indicative of toppen

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English top.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

top m (plural tops)

  1. top; shirt or garment covering the upper body
  2. a signalling sound; beep

Adjective[edit]

top (feminine singular toppe, masculine plural tops, feminine plural toppes)

  1. top; best; highest in rank; maximum
  2. excellent; brilliant
  3. (LGBTQ, slang) top (dominant in role)

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

top

  1. at most; maximum

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English top.

Noun[edit]

top m (invariable)

  1. (woman's dressing, garment) top

Kurdish[edit]

Fussball.jpg

Noun[edit]

top f

  1. ball (object, generally spherical, used for playing games)
  2. cannon

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

top

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of tapt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of tapt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of tapt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of tapt

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English topp, toppa, from Proto-Germanic *tuppaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

top (plural toppes)

  1. The summit or top of something, especially a vertical object:
    1. The peak of a mountain or other landform.
    2. The roof or ceil of a house; the top of a fence.
    3. A lid or cap; a removable top or topping.
    4. The head, especially its top or the hair on its top.
  2. A small deck at the dop of a ship's sails.
  3. A cluster or bunch of fibres; a tassel.
  4. A top or whirligig (spinning toy)
  5. The start or introduction of something.
  6. (rare) The tip or end of something; that which something terminates in.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: top
  • Scots: tap

References[edit]


Mopan Maya[edit]

Adverb[edit]

top

  1. very

References[edit]

  • Hofling, Charles Andrew (2011). Mopan Maya–Spanish–English Dictionary, University of Utah Press.

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Frankish *topp.

Noun[edit]

top m (oblique plural tos, nominative singular tos, nominative plural top)

  1. hair on top of one's head, forelock
  2. top, highest point
  3. tuft of flax placed on distaff
  4. top (ship)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

top m inan

  1. nautical top (the upper end of a mast)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

top

  1. second-person singular imperative of topić

Further reading[edit]

  • top in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English top.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

top (invariable, comparable)

  1. (colloquial) top; excellent; very high-quality

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

top m (plural tops)

  1. top (garment worn to cover the torso)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

tȍp

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȍp m (Cyrillic spelling то̏п)

  1. cannon
  2. (chess) rook

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Serbo-Croatian · šahovske figure / шаховске фигуре (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
kralj
краљ
dama, kraljica
дама, краљица
top, kula
топ, кула
lovac, trkač, laufer
ловац, тркач, лауфер
skakač, konj
скакач, коњ
pješak, pešak, pion, pijun
пјешак, пешак, пион, пијун

Slovene[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *tǫpъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

tȍp (comparative bȍlj tȍp, superlative nȁjbolj tȍp)

  1. blunt
Inflection[edit]
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. tòp tôpa tôpo
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tòp ind
tôpi def
tôpa tôpo
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
tôpo tôpo
genitive tôpega tôpe tôpega
dative tôpemu tôpi tôpemu
locative tôpem tôpi tôpem
instrumental tôpim tôpo tôpim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tôpa tôpi tôpi
accusative tôpa tôpi tôpi
genitive tôpih tôpih tôpih
dative tôpima tôpima tôpima
locative tôpih tôpih tôpih
instrumental tôpima tôpima tôpima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative tôpi tôpe tôpa
accusative tôpe tôpe tôpa
genitive tôpih tôpih tôpih
dative tôpim tôpim tôpim
locative tôpih tôpih tôpih
instrumental tôpimi tôpimi tôpimi

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȍp m inan

  1. cannon
Inflection[edit]
Masculine inan., hard o-stem, plural in -ôv-
nom. sing. tòp
gen. sing. tôpa
singular dual plural
nominative tòp topôva topôvi
accusative tòp topôva topôve
genitive tôpa topôv topôv
dative tôpu topôvoma topôvom
locative tôpu topôvih topôvih
instrumental tôpom topôvoma topôvi

Further reading[edit]

  • top”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English top.

Noun[edit]

top m (plural tops)

  1. top (first positions of a ranking)
  2. top (female clothing)

Adjective[edit]

top (plural tops)

  1. (proscribed) top (situated on the top of something)
    Synonym: mejor
  2. (proscribed) top (best; of the highest quality or rank)
    Synonym: el mejor
  3. (proscribed) top (very good, of high quality)
    Synonym: muy bueno

References[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish طوپ(top), from Proto-Turkic.

Noun[edit]

top (definite accusative topu, plural toplar)

  1. ball
  2. cannon
  3. (slang) gay

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative top
Definite accusative topu
Singular Plural
Nominative top toplar
Definite accusative topu topları
Dative topa toplara
Locative topta toplarda
Ablative toptan toplardan
Genitive topun topların

Volapük[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τόπος (tópos, place).

Noun[edit]

top (nominative plural tops)

  1. place

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]