- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /stɹəʊk/
- (General American) enPR: strōk, IPA(key): /stɹoʊk/
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- Rhymes: -əʊk
From Middle English stroke, strok, strak, from Old English strāc (“stroke”), from Proto-Germanic *straikaz (“stroke”), from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (“stroke; to strike”). Cognate with Scots strak, strake, straik (“stroke, blow”), Middle Low German strēk (“stroke, trick, prank”), German Streich (“stroke”). In its British sense as a name for the slash ⟨ / ⟩, a contraction of oblique stroke, a variant of oblique originally employed in telegraphy.
- stroak (obsolete)
stroke (plural strokes)
- An act of stroking (moving one's hand over a surface).
- She gave the cat a stroke.
- A blow or hit.
- a stroke on the chin
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Deuteronomy 19:5:
- His hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree.
- 1622, Francis, Lord Verulam, Viscount St. Alban [i.e. Francis Bacon], The Historie of the Raigne of King Henry the Seventh, […], London: […] W[illiam] Stansby for Matthew Lownes, and William Barret, OCLC 1086746628:
- He likewise entered and won in effect the whole kingdom of Naples itself, without striking stroke.
- A single movement with a tool.
- (golf) A single act of striking at the ball with a club. Also, at matchplay, a shot deducted from a player's score at a hole as a result of a handicapping system.
- (tennis) The hitting of a ball with a racket, or the movement of the racket and arm that produces that impact.
- (rowing) The movement of an oar or paddle through water, either the pull which actually propels the vessel or a single entire cycle of movement including the pull.
- (cricket) The action of hitting the ball with the bat; a shot.
- A thrust as of a piston or of the penis during sexual intercourse.
- An act of striking with a weapon
- One of a series of beats or movements against a resisting medium, by means of which movement through or upon it is accomplished.
- the stroke of a bird's wing in flying, or of an oar in rowing
- the stroke of a skater, swimmer, etc.
- A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished; also, something done or accomplished by such an effort.
- a stroke of genius; a stroke of business; a master stroke of policy
- A line drawn with a pen or other writing implement, particularly:
- A streak made with a brush.
- The time when a clock strikes.
- on the stroke of midnight
- 2012 May 9, John Percy, “Birmingham City 2 Blackpool 2 (2-3 on agg): match report”, in the Telegraph:
- Already guarding a 1-0 lead from the first leg, Blackpool inched further ahead when Stephen Dobbie scored from an acute angle on the stroke of half-time. The game appeared to be completely beyond Birmingham’s reach three minutes into the second period when Matt Phillips reacted quickly to bundle the ball past Colin Doyle and off a post.
- (swimming) A style, a single movement within a style.
- butterfly stroke
- (medicine) The loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted.
- suffer a stroke
- (obsolete) A sudden attack of any disease, especially when fatal; any sudden, severe affliction or calamity.
- a stroke of apoplexy; the stroke of death
- 1767, Walter Harte, Eulogius: Or, The Charitable Mason
- At this one stroke the man look'd dead in law.
- (rowing) The oar nearest the stern of a boat, by which the other oars are guided.
- (rowing) The rower who is nearest the stern of the boat.
- (professional wrestling) Backstage influence.
- (squash (sport)) A point awarded to a player in case of interference or obstruction by the opponent.
- (sciences) An individual discharge of lightning.
- A flash of lightning may be made up of several strokes. If they are separated by enough time for the eye to distinguish them, the lightning will appear to flicker.
- (obsolete) The result or effect of a striking; injury or affliction; soreness.
- An addition or amendment to a written composition; a touch.
- to give some finishing strokes to an essay
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
- A throb or beat, as of the heart.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)
- Power; influence.
- 1551, Ralph Robynson More's Utopia
- where money beareth all the stroke
- 1700, [John] Dryden, “Preface”, in Fables Ancient and Modern; […], London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 228732415:
- He has a great stroke with the reader.
- 1993, Dana Stabenow, A Fatal Thaw, →ISBN, page 73:
- Just somebody with a low lottery number, not enough stroke to get in the National Guard, and a distate for tropical climates.
- 1551, Ralph Robynson More's Utopia
- (obsolete) Appetite.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Jonathan Swift to this entry?)
- In transactional analysis, a (generally positive) reaction to a person, fulfilling their needs or desires.
- (act of stroking, petting): caress
- (blow): blow, hit, beat
- (act of striking with a weapon): blow
- (single movement with a tool):
- (made with a pen): stroke of the pen
- (time when a clock strikes): hour
- (particular style of swimming):
- (in medical sense): cerebrovascular accident, CVA
- (in wrestling):
- at a stroke
- at one stroke
- broad strokes
- butterfly stroke
- different strokes for different folks
- down to the short strokes
- four-stroke engine
- government stroke
- oblique stroke
- short strokes
Cognate with Saterland Frisian strookje (“to stroke; caress”), West Frisian streakje (“to stroke; caress”), German Low German straken, strieken, strakeln, striekeln (“to stroke; caress; fondle”), German streicheln (“to stroke, fondle”).
- (transitive) To move one's hand or an object (such as a broom) along (a surface) in one direction.
- (transitive, cricket) To hit the ball with the bat in a flowing motion.
- (masonry) To give a finely fluted surface to.
- (transitive, rowing) To row the stroke oar of.
- to stroke a boat
- strokes in the medical sense on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “stroke” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.
- (medicine) stroke (loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted or a particular case of it)
|Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)|
possessive - singular
possessive - plural
|Possessive forms of stroke|
|possessor||single possession||multiple possessions|
|1st person sing.||stroke-om||stroke-jaim|
|2nd person sing.||stroke-od||stroke-jaid|
|3rd person sing.||stroke-ja||stroke-jai|
|1st person plural||stroke-unk||stroke-jaink|
|2nd person plural||stroke-otok||stroke-jaitok|
|3rd person plural||stroke-juk||stroke-jaik|
- ^ Tóth, Etelka (ed.). Magyar helyesírási szótár: A magyar helyesírás szabályai tizenkettedik kiadása szerint (’Dictionary of Hungarian Orthography: according to the 12th edition of the regulations of the Hungarian orthography’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2017. →ISBN
- ^ stroke and sztrók in the dictionary of A magyar helyesírás szabályai, 12. kiadás (’The Rules of Hungarian Orthography, 12th edition’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2015. →ISBN
- ^ Pusztai, Ferenc (ed.). Magyar értelmező kéziszótár (’A Concise Explanatory Dictionary of Hungarian’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003. →ISBN
- ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN
stroke (plural strokes)
- Any striking or hitting motion:
- A strike or hit from a weapon or instrument of torture}}
- A strike or hit from one's hands or other limbs
- A strike or hit from a tool against an object.
- The force of death; the origin or effect of one's demise.
- (Late Middle English) The feeling of an intense emotion or mood.
- (Late Middle English) The process of making a striking or hitting motion.
- A loud sound caused by weather (e.g. heavy rain)
- The result of a striking or hitting motion; a wound.
- (rare) A jerking or pulsing motion (e.g. a heartbeat)
- Alternative form of