From Middle English *stroak, strok, strak, from Old English *strāc (“stroke”), from Proto-Germanic *straikaz (“stroke”), from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (“stroke; to strike”). Cognate with Scots strak, strake, straik (“stroke, blow”), Middle Low German strēk (“stroke, trick, prank”), German Streich (“stroke”). In its British sense as a name for the slash ⟨ / ⟩, a contraction of oblique stroke, a variant of oblique originally employed in telegraphy.
- stroak (obsolete)
stroke (plural strokes)
- An act of stroking (moving one's hand over a surface).
- She gave the cat a stroke.
- A blow or hit.
- a stroke on the chin
- Bible, Deuteronomy xix. 5
- His hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree.
- Francis Bacon
- He entered and won the whole kingdom of Naples without striking a stroke.
- A single movement with a tool.
- (golf) A single act of striking at the ball with a club.
- (tennis) The hitting of a ball with a racket, or the movement of the racket and arm that produces that impact.
- (rowing) The movement of an oar or paddle through water, either the pull which actually propels the vessel or a single entire cycle of movement including the pull.
- (cricket) The action of hitting the ball with the bat; a shot.
- A thrust of a piston.
- One of a series of beats or movements against a resisting medium, by means of which movement through or upon it is accomplished.
- the stroke of a bird's wing in flying, or of an oar in rowing
- the stroke of a skater, swimmer, etc.
- A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished; also, something done or accomplished by such an effort.
- a stroke of genius; a stroke of business; a master stroke of policy
- A line drawn with a pen or other writing implement, particularly:
- The time when a clock strikes.
- on the stroke of midnight
2012 May 9, John Percy, “Birmingham City 2 Blackpool 2 (2-3 on agg): match report”, in the Telegraph:
- Already guarding a 1-0 lead from the first leg, Blackpool inched further ahead when Stephen Dobbie scored from an acute angle on the stroke of half-time. The game appeared to be completely beyond Birmingham’s reach three minutes into the second period when Matt Phillips reacted quickly to bundle the ball past Colin Doyle and off a post.
- (swimming) A style, a single movement within a style.
- butterfly stroke
- (medicine) The loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted.
- (obsolete) A sudden attack of any disease, especially when fatal; any sudden, severe affliction or calamity.
- a stroke of apoplexy; the stroke of death
- At this one stroke the man looked dead in law.
- (rowing) The rower who is nearest the stern of the boat.
- (rowing) The oar nearest the stern of a boat, by which the other oars are guided.
- (professional wrestling) Backstage influence.
- (squash (sport)) A point awarded to a player in case of interference or obstruction by the opponent.
- (sciences) An individual discharge of lightning.
- A flash of lightning may be made up of several strokes. If they are separated by enough time for the eye to distinguish them, the lightning will appear to flicker.
- (obsolete) The result or effect of a striking; injury or affliction; soreness.
- Bible, Isa. xxx. 26
- in the day that the Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound
- Bible, Isa. xxx. 26
- An addition or amendment to a written composition; a touch.
- to give some finishing strokes to an essay
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
- A throb or beat, as of the heart.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)
- (obsolete) Power; influence.
- Robynson (More's Utopia)
- where money beareth all the stroke
- He has a great stroke with the reader.
- Robynson (More's Utopia)
- (obsolete) appetite
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Jonathan Swift to this entry?)
- (act of stroking, petting): caress
- (blow): blow, hit, beat
- (act of striking with a weapon): blow
- (single movement with a tool):
- (made with a pen): stroke of the pen
- (time when a clock strikes): hour
- (particular style of swimming):
- (in medical sense): cerebrovascular accident, CVA
- (in wrestling):
Cognate with Saterland Frisian strookje (“to stroke; caress”), West Frisian streakje (“to stroke; caress”), German Low German straken, strieken, strakeln, striekeln (“to stroke; caress; fondle”), German streicheln (“to stroke, fondle”).
- (transitive) To move one's hand or an object (such as a broom) along (a surface) in one direction.
- He dried the falling drops, and, yet more kind, / He stroked her cheeks.
- (transitive, cricket) To hit the ball with the bat in a flowing motion.
- (masonry) To give a finely fluted surface to.
- (transitive) To row the stroke oar of.
- to stroke a boat
- (medicine) stroke (loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted)
|Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)|
|Possessive forms of stroke|
|possessor||single possession||multiple possessions|
|1st person sing.||stroke-om||stroke-jaim|
|2nd person sing.||stroke-od||stroke-jaid|
|3rd person sing.||stroke-ja||stroke-jai|
|1st person plural||stroke-unk||stroke-jaink|
|2nd person plural||stroke-otok||stroke-jaitok|
|3rd person plural||stroke-juk||stroke-jaik|