From Middle English *stroak, strok, strak, from Old English *strāc (“stroke”), from Proto-Germanic *straikaz (“stroke”), from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (“stroke; to strike”). Cognate with Scots strak, strake, straik (“stroke, blow”), Middle Low German strēk (“stroke, trick, prank”), German Streich (“stroke”). In its British sense as a name for the slash ⟨ / ⟩, a contraction of oblique stroke, a variant of oblique originally employed in telegraphy.
stroke (plural strokes)
- An act of stroking (moving one's hand over a surface).
She gave the cat a stroke.
- A blow or hit.
a stroke on the chin
- Bible, Deuteronomy xix. 5
- His hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree.
- Francis Bacon
- He entered and won the whole kingdom of Naples without striking a stroke.
- A single movement with a tool.
- (golf) A single act of striking at the ball with a club.
- (tennis) The hitting of a ball with a racket, or the movement of the racket and arm that produces that impact.
- (rowing) The movement of an oar or paddle through water, either the pull which actually propels the vessel or a single entire cycle of movement including the pull.
- (cricket) The action of hitting the ball with the bat; a shot.
- A thrust of a piston.
- An act of striking with a weapon
- One of a series of beats or movements against a resisting medium, by means of which movement through or upon it is accomplished.
- the stroke of a bird's wing in flying, or of an oar in rowing
- the stroke of a skater, swimmer, etc.
- A powerful or sudden effort by which something is done, produced, or accomplished; also, something done or accomplished by such an effort.
- a stroke of genius; a stroke of business; a master stroke of policy
- A line drawn with a pen or other writing implement, particularly:
- (chiefly Britain) (Britain, typography) The slash, /.
- (Unicode, typography) The formal name of the individual horizontal strikethroughs (as in A̶ and A̵).
- (linguistics) A line of a Chinese, Japanese or Korean character.
- A streak made with a brush.
- The time when a clock strikes.
on the stroke of midnight
2012 May 9, John Percy, “Birmingham City 2 Blackpool 2 (2-3 on agg): match report”, in the Telegraph:
- Already guarding a 1-0 lead from the first leg, Blackpool inched further ahead when Stephen Dobbie scored from an acute angle on the stroke of half-time. The game appeared to be completely beyond Birmingham’s reach three minutes into the second period when Matt Phillips reacted quickly to bundle the ball past Colin Doyle and off a post.
- (swimming) A style, a single movement within a style.
1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
- Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.
- (medicine) The loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted.
- (obsolete) A sudden attack of any disease, especially when fatal; any sudden, severe affliction or calamity.
- a stroke of apoplexy; the stroke of death
- At this one stroke the man looked dead in law.
- (rowing) The oar nearest the stern of a boat, by which the other oars are guided.
- (rowing) The rower who is nearest the stern of the boat.
- (professional wrestling) Backstage influence.
- (squash (sport)) A point awarded to a player in case of interference or obstruction by the opponent.
- (sciences) An individual discharge of lightning.
- A flash of lightning may be made up of several strokes. If they are separated by enough time for the eye to distinguish them, the lightning will appear to flicker.
- (obsolete) The result or effect of a striking; injury or affliction; soreness.
- Bible, Isa. xxx. 26
- in the day that the Lord bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound
- An addition or amendment to a written composition; a touch.
- to give some finishing strokes to an essay
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Addison to this entry?)
- A throb or beat, as of the heart.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Tennyson to this entry?)
- (obsolete) Power; influence.
- Robynson (More's Utopia)
- where money beareth all the stroke
- He has a great stroke with the reader.
- (obsolete) appetite
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Jonathan Swift to this entry?)
Terms derived from stroke (noun)
- golf: single act of striking the ball
- tennis: single act of striking the ball
- rowing: movement of an oar or paddle through water
- act of striking with a weapon
beat or movement against a resisting medium to accomplish movement
powerful or sudden effort
line drawn with a writing implement
- stroke of a Chinese character
time when a clock strikes
particular style of swimming, single movement in that style
loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted
- Armenian: կաթված (hy) (katʿvac)
- Mandarin: 中风 (zh) (zhòngfēng), 卒中 (zh) (cùzhòng)
- Czech: mrtvice f, mozková mrtvice f
- Danish: slagtilfælde n, apopleksi (medical)
- Dutch: beroerte (nl) f
- Esperanto: apopleksio
- Finnish: aivoinfarkti
- French: accident vasculaire cérébral (fr) m, attaque cérébrale (fr) f, AVC (fr) m, infarctus (fr) m
- German: Schlaganfall (de) m, Hirninfarkt m, Hirnschlag m, Apoplexie f, (short form, colloquial) Apoplex (de) m, (colloquial) Schlagerl n
- Hebrew: שָׁבָץ (he) m (shaváts), שָׁבָץ מֹחִי (he) m (shaváts mokhí)
- Hungarian: agyvérzés (hu)
- Italian: colpo apoplettico, ictus (it), accidente cerebrovascolare
- Japanese: 脳梗塞 (nōkōsoku)
- Malay: angin ahmar
- Maori: ikura roro, mate ikura roro, mate rehu ohotata, rehu ohotata
- Norwegian: slag (no) n
- Persian: سکته مغزی (fa) (sekte-ye mağzi)
- Polish: wylew m, apopleksja (pl) f (obsolete)
- Portuguese: derrame (pt) m, acidente vascular cerebral (pt) m
- Russian: парали́ч (ru) m (paralíč), уда́р (ru) m (udár), инсу́льт (ru) m (insúlʹt)
- Spanish: apoplejía f, accidente cerebro vascular m, ACV
- Swahili: kiharusi (sw)
- Swedish: stroke (sv) c, slag (sv) n, slaganfall n
- Volapük: breinaflap, breinaparalüd, paopläg (vo)
sudden attack of any disease
oar nearest to the stern, by which other oars are guided
rower who is nearest to the stern of the boat
professional wrestling: backstage influence
squash: point awarded in case of interference or obstruction
injury or affliction; soreness
addition or amendment to a written composition
From Middle English stroken, straken, from Old English strācian (“to stroke”), from Proto-Germanic *straikōną (“to stroke, caress”).
Cognate with Saterland Frisian strookje (“to stroke; caress”), West Frisian streakje (“to stroke; caress”), German Low German straken, strieken, strakeln, striekeln (“to stroke; caress; fondle”), German streicheln (“to stroke, fondle”).
stroke (third-person singular simple present strokes, present participle stroking, simple past and past participle stroked)
- (transitive) To move one's hand or an object (such as a broom) along (a surface) in one direction.
- He dried the falling drops, and, yet more kind, / He stroked her cheeks.
- (transitive, cricket) To hit the ball with the bat in a flowing motion.
- (masonry) To give a finely fluted surface to.
- (transitive) To row the stroke oar of.
- to stroke a boat
to move one's hand or an object over the surface of
- Albanian: ledhatoj (sq), fërkoj (sq)
- Mandarin: 撫 (zh), 抚 (zh) (fǔ), 撫摩 (zh), 抚摩 (zh) (fǔmó)
- Czech: hladit
- Dutch: strelen (nl), strijken (nl), aaien (nl)
- Estonian: silitama (et)
- Finnish: silittää (fi), pyyhkiä (fi), sivellä (fi)
- French: caresser (fr)
- German: streicheln (de), streichen (de)
- Hungarian: simít (hu), simogat (hu)
- Italian: accarezzare (it)
- Japanese: なでる (naderu), 撫でる (なでる, naderu)
- Latgalian: glaudeit, glausteit
cricket: to hit the ball with the bat in a flowing motion
Borrowing from English stroke.
- IPA(key): [ˈstroːk]
- Hyphenation: stroke
- (medicine) stroke (loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted)
- ^ Pusztai Ferenc, Magyar értelmező kéziszótár. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 2003, ISBN 963 05 7874 3
- past participle of stryka