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See also: zug and zúg


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canton of Zug


From German Zug.

Proper noun[edit]


  1. A canton of Switzerland.
    Synonym: canton of Zug
  2. The capital city of Zug canton, Switzerland.





  • IPA(key): /t͡suːk/ (standard)
    • (file)
    • (file)
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /t͡sʊx/, /t͡suːx/ (northern and central Germany; now chiefly colloquial)
  • Rhymes: -uːk, -ʊx

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German zuc, zug, from Old High German zug, from Proto-West Germanic *tugi, from Proto-Germanic *tugiz, an abstract noun belonging to Proto-Germanic *teuhaną, from Proto-Indo-European *dewk- (to pull, lead).[1]

Cognate with Dutch teug, Hunsrik Zugh, English tug, Old English tyġe. Compare to German ziehen (to pull, to draw).


Zug m (strong, genitive Zuges or Zugs, plural Züge)

  1. train (multiple vehicles one behind the other, particularly travelling on rails)
    Synonyms: Bahn, Eisenbahn
  2. pull (force that pulls in a specific direction)
  3. draught (of air)
    Synonym: Luftzug
  4. traction
  5. course
  6. (from a cigarette, etc.) drag, draught
  7. (from a drink) draught, gulp
    • 1931, Arthur Schnitzler, Flucht in die Finsternis, S. Fischer Verlag, page 36:
      Ein frisch gefülltes Glas Champagner stand vor ihm. Er trank es in einem Zug aus – mit Lust, fast mit Begier.
      A freshly filled glass of champagne was in front of him. He emptied it in one draught – with pleasure, almost with greed.
  8. stroke
  9. feature, trait
    Synonyms: Wesenszug, Eigenart, Eigenschaft
  10. (military) platoon
    Synonyms: Schützenzug, Peloton
  11. (turn based games) move, play
    Synonym: Spielzug
Derived terms[edit]
  • Czech: cuk
  • Hungarian: cúg
  • Norwegian Bokmål: tog
  • Polish: cug

Etymology 2[edit]

 Kanton Zug on German Wikipedia
 Zug (Stadt) on German Wikipedia
Kanton Zug

Originally a use of Etymology 1 above, referring to the pulling up of fish with nets.

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Zug n (proper noun, genitive Zugs or (optionally with an article) Zug)

  1. Zug (a canton of Switzerland)
    Synonym: Kanton Zug
  2. Zug (the capital city of Zug canton, Switzerland)
Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge (1989), “Zug”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological Dictionary of the German Language] (in German), 22nd edition, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • Zug” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Zug” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • Zug” in OpenThesaurus.de
  • Zug on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de
  • Friedrich Kluge (1883), “Zug”, in , John Francis Davis, transl., Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, published 1891