ziehen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German ziehen, from Old High German ziohan, from Proto-West Germanic *teuhan, from Proto-Germanic *teuhaną, from Proto-Indo-European *dewk- (to pull, lead).

Cognate with Low German tehn, Gothic 𐍄𐌹𐌿𐌷𐌰𐌽 (tiuhan), Middle Dutch tīen, Old English tēon, Old Norse toga, West Frisian tsjen. Compare obsolete English tee (to draw, lead, proceed) and from the same root as English tie.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡siːən/, /t͡siːn/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

ziehen (class 2 strong, third-person singular present zieht, past tense zog, past participle gezogen, past subjunctive zöge, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to pull (e.g., a door handle); to drag [auxiliary haben]
    Antonym: drücken
  2. (transitive) to draw (e.g. a weapon); to extract; to puff [auxiliary haben]
  3. (transitive) to draw (a conclusion, lesson, etc.) [auxiliary haben]
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 25/2010, page 77:
      Es gilt deshalb, die richtigen Lehren aus der Krise zu ziehen, aus den Fehlern der Vergangenheit zu lernen, um die Zukunft zu sichern.
      Therefore it is necessary to draw the right lessons from the crisis, to learn from the mistakes of the past for securing the future.
  4. (impersonal, intransitive) to be drafty; there to be a draft (current of air)
    Es zieht.There’s a draft.
  5. (intransitive) to move; to migrate [auxiliary sein]
    Ich ziehe nach Hamburg, aber mein Bruder zieht in eine andere Stadt.
    I'm moving to Hamburg, but my brother is moving to another city.
  6. (intransitive) to roam; to head [auxiliary sein]
  7. (reflexive) to stretch; to warp [auxiliary haben]

Conjugation[edit]

  • In early modern German, the 1st, 2nd and 3rd persons singular present and the imperative singular were alternatively ich zeuch, du zeuchst, er zeucht, zeuch!

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ziohan, from Proto-West Germanic *teuhan, from Proto-Germanic *teuhaną. Cognates: see German ziehen.

Verb[edit]

ziehen

  1. to pull

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Alemannic German: zieh, züha
  • Bavarian: zahn, zaan, ziagen
    Viennese: ziagn
  • German: ziehen
  • Hunsrik: ziehe
  • Luxembourgish: zéien
  • Yiddish: ציִען(tsien)