puff

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See also: Puff

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pʌf/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌf

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English puff, puf, from Old English pyf (a blast of wind, puff). Cognate with Middle Low German puf, pof.

Noun[edit]

puff (countable and uncountable, plural puffs)

  1. (countable) A sharp exhalation of a small amount of breath through the mouth.
  2. (uncountable) The ability to breathe easily while exerting oneself.
    Synonym: wind
    out of puff
  3. (countable) A small quantity of gas or smoke in the air.
    puff of smoke
  4. (countable) A sudden gust.
    • (Can we date this quote by Flatman and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      to every puff of wind a slave
  5. (informal, countable) An act of inhaling smoke from a cigarette, cigar or pipe.
    Synonym: drag
  6. (countable) A flamboyant or alluring statement of praise.
    • 1931, Bernard Shaw, Our Theatre in the Nineties (volume 24, page 246)
      [] we critics were not his fellow-guests, but simply deadheads whose business it was to "dress the house" and write puffs.
  7. (dated, slang) A puffer, one who is employed by the owner or seller of goods sold at auction to bid up the price; an act or scam of that type.
    • 1842, "A Paper on Puffing", Ainsworth's Magazine
      Is nothing to be said in praise of the "Emporiums" and "Repositories" and "Divans," which formerly were mere insignificant tailors', toymen's, and tobacconists' shops? Is the transition from the barber's pole to the revolving bust of the perruquier, nothing? — the leap from the bare counter-traversed shop to the carpeted and mirrored saloon of trade, nothing? Are they not, one and all, practical puffs, intended to invest commerce with elegance, and to throw a halo round extravagance?
    • 1848, Mrs. White, "Puffs and Puffing", in Sharpe's London Magazine
      Here the duke is made the vehicle of the tailor's advertisement, and the prelusive compliments, ostensibly meant for his grace, merge into a covert recommendation of the coat. Several specimens might be given of this species of puff, which is to be met with in almost every paper, and is a favourite form with booksellers, professional men, &c.
    • 2008, David Paton-Williamspage, Katterfelto, page xii
      He was the eighteenth century king of spin, or, in the language of the day, the "prince of puff".
  8. A puffball.
    • 1598, John Florio, A Worlde of Wordes, or Most Copious, and Exact Dictionarie in Italian and English, London: Edward Blount, p. 47,[1]
      Bozzacchio, an acorne. Also a puffe or mushrump full of dust.
  9. A powder puff.
  10. (uncountable, slang) The drug cannabis.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:marijuana
  11. (countable) A light cake filled with cream, cream cheese, etc.
    Synonyms: pastry, cream puff
    cream puff
  12. (derogatory, slang, Britain, particularly northern UK) Synonym of poof: a male homosexual, especially an effeminate one.
  13. (slang, dated, Britain) Life.
    • 1938, P. G. Wodehouse, The Code of the Woosters
      Did you ever in your puff see such a perfect perisher?
  14. A portion of fabric gathered up so as to be left full in the middle.
    a sleeve with a puff at the shoulder
  15. (genetics) A region of a chromosome exhibiting a local increase in diameter.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English puffen, from Old English pyffan (to breathe out, blow with the mouth). Compare Dutch puffen, German Low German puffen, German puffen, Danish puffe, Swedish puffa.

Verb[edit]

puff (third-person singular simple present puffs, present participle puffing, simple past and past participle puffed)

  1. (intransitive) To emit smoke, gas, etc., in puffs.
  2. (intransitive) To pant.
    • (Can we date this quote by L'Estrange and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The ass comes back again, puffing and blowing, from the chase.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter VI
      Puffing and panting, we plodded on until within about a mile of the harbor we came upon a sight that brought us all up standing.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To advertise.
  4. To blow as an expression of scorn.
    • (Can we date this quote by South and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      It is really to defy Heaven to puff at damnation.
  5. To swell with air; to be dilated or inflated.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Boyle to this entry?)
  6. To breathe in a swelling, inflated, or pompous manner; hence, to assume importance.
    • (Can we date this quote by Herbert and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Then came brave Glory puffing by.
  7. To drive with a puff, or with puffs.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      The clearing north will puff the clouds away.
  8. To repel with words; to blow at contemptuously.
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      I puff the prostitute away.
  9. To cause to swell or dilate; to inflate.
    a bladder puffed with air
  10. To inflate with pride, flattery, self-esteem, etc.; often with up.
    • (Can we date this quote by Jowett and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      puffed up with military success
  11. To praise with exaggeration; to flatter; to call public attention to by praises; to praise unduly.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Interjection[edit]

puff

  1. poof (deflating object or a magical disappearance)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From German puffen.[1]

Noun[edit]

puff (plural puffok)

  1. pouf, puff, pouffe (a backless, rounded, cushioned low stool)
  2. (dressmaking) pouf (on the upper part of the sleeves)
  3. puff, powder puff (a pad of soft material used for the application of cosmetic powder to the face)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative puff puffok
accusative puffot puffokat
dative puffnak puffoknak
instrumental puffal puffokkal
causal-final puffért puffokért
translative puffá puffokká
terminative puffig puffokig
essive-formal puffként puffokként
essive-modal
inessive puffban puffokban
superessive puffon puffokon
adessive puffnál puffoknál
illative puffba puffokba
sublative puffra puffokra
allative puffhoz puffokhoz
elative puffból puffokból
delative puffról puffokról
ablative pufftól puffoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
puffé puffoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
pufféi puffokéi
Possessive forms of puff
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. puffom puffjaim
2nd person sing. puffod puffjaid
3rd person sing. puffja puffjai
1st person plural puffunk puffjaink
2nd person plural puffotok puffjaitok
3rd person plural puffjuk puffjaik

Etymology 2[edit]

Back-formation from puffad, puffant, puffaszt.[2]

Interjection[edit]

puff

  1. bang! pouf! (onomatopoeia representing a sudden sharp noise or crashing sound)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN