haiku

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See also: haïku, haikú, and Haiku

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 俳句 (haiku), from Middle Chinese (bˠɛi, paralleled [writing]) + (kɨoH, line).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhaɪ.kuː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhaɪ.ku/, /haɪˈku/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

haiku (plural haiku or haikus)

  1. A Japanese poem in three lines, the first and last consisting of five morae, and the second consisting of seven morae, usually with an emphasis on the season or a naturalistic theme.
    • 2009, January 25, “Colin Moynihan”, in A Project Documents Inauguration Day, in Washington and Across the Globe[1]:
      Some of the results resemble haikus.
  2. A three-line poem in any language, with five syllables in the first and last lines and seven syllables in the second, usually with an emphasis on the season or a naturalistic theme.
    Haiku, a poem
    five beats, then seven, then five
    ends as it began.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

  • senryū: a short humorous poem similar to the haiku

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

haiku

  1. a haiku

Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English haiku, from Japanese 俳句 (haiku), from Middle Chinese (bˠɛi, paralleled [writing]) + (kɨoH, line).

Noun[edit]

haiku

  1. a haiku

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑi̯ku/, [ˈhɑi̯ku]
  • Rhymes: -ɑiku
  • Syllabification: hai‧ku

Etymology 1[edit]

From dialectal haika +‎ -u, from Proto-Finnic *haika, from Proto-Finno-Permic *šajka; cognates include Estonian haige (~ haikea) and Lule Sami suoikē.

Noun[edit]

haiku

  1. (usually in the plural) puff, whiff (act of inhaling tobacco smoke)
  2. puff, whiff, puff of smoke, whiff of smoke (small quantity of smoke in the air)
    Ilmassa on vähän haikua.
    There's a whiff of smoke in the air.
  3. (poetic) smoke
    Tänne ihminen katoaa huomaamattomaksi, kuin tuo nuotion mitätön haiku iltataivaalle.
    Here a man vanishes into nothingness, like that tiny strand of smoke from the campfire to the evening sky.
Declension[edit]
Inflection of haiku (Kotus type 1/valo, k- gradation)
nominative haiku haiut
genitive haiun haikujen
partitive haikua haikuja
illative haikuun haikuihin
singular plural
nominative haiku haiut
accusative nom. haiku haiut
gen. haiun
genitive haiun haikujen
partitive haikua haikuja
inessive haiussa haiuissa
elative haiusta haiuista
illative haikuun haikuihin
adessive haiulla haiuilla
ablative haiulta haiuilta
allative haiulle haiuille
essive haikuna haikuina
translative haiuksi haiuiksi
instructive haiuin
abessive haiutta haiuitta
comitative haikuineen
Possessive forms of haiku (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person haikuni haikumme
2nd person haikusi haikunne
3rd person haikunsa
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 俳句 (haiku).

Noun[edit]

haiku

  1. A haiku (type of Japanese poem; any poem written in haiku style).
Declension[edit]
Inflection of haiku (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative haiku haikut
genitive haikun haikujen
partitive haikua haikuja
illative haikuun haikuihin
singular plural
nominative haiku haikut
accusative nom. haiku haikut
gen. haikun
genitive haikun haikujen
partitive haikua haikuja
inessive haikussa haikuissa
elative haikusta haikuista
illative haikuun haikuihin
adessive haikulla haikuilla
ablative haikulta haikuilta
allative haikulle haikuille
essive haikuna haikuina
translative haikuksi haikuiksi
instructive haikuin
abessive haikutta haikuitta
comitative haikuineen
Possessive forms of haiku (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person haikuni haikumme
2nd person haikusi haikunne
3rd person haikunsa

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

haiku m (plural haikus)

  1. Alternative spelling of haïku

Hungarian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 haiku on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 俳句 (はいく, haiku).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒjiku]
  • Hyphenation: ha‧i‧ku
  • Rhymes: -ku

Noun[edit]

haiku (plural haikuk)

  1. haiku (a Japanese form of poetry consisting of seventeen syllables: five for the first line, seven for the second, and five for the third)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative haiku haikuk
accusative haikut haikukat
dative haikunak haikuknak
instrumental haikuval haikukkal
causal-final haikuért haikukért
translative haikuvá haikukká
terminative haikuig haikukig
essive-formal haikuként haikukként
essive-modal
inessive haikuban haikukban
superessive haikun haikukon
adessive haikunál haikuknál
illative haikuba haikukba
sublative haikura haikukra
allative haikuhoz haikukhoz
elative haikuból haikukból
delative haikuról haikukról
ablative haikutól haikuktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
haikué haikuké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
haikuéi haikukéi
Possessive forms of haiku
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. haikum haikuim
2nd person sing. haikud haikuid
3rd person sing. haikuja haikui
1st person plural haikunk haikuink
2nd person plural haikutok haikuitok
3rd person plural haikujuk haikuik

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 俳句 (はいく, haiku), from Middle Chinese (bˠɛi, paralleled [writing]) + (kɨoH, line).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hai.ku/
  • Hyphenation: hai‧ku

Noun[edit]

haiku (plural, first-person possessive haikuku, second-person possessive haikumu, third-person possessive haikunya)

  1. haiku.

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Noun[edit]

haiku m (invariable)

  1. haiku

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 俳句 (haiku), from Middle Chinese (bˠɛi) + (kɨoH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

haiku n (indeclinable)

  1. (poetry) haiku (Japanese poem of a specific form)

Further reading[edit]

  • haiku in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • haiku in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

haiku m (plural haikus)

  1. (poetry) haiku (type of poem used in Japanese poetry)

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English haiku, from Japanese 俳句 (はいく, haiku).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaiku/, [ˈai̯.ku]
  • IPA(key): /xaiˈku/, [xai̯.ˈku]

Noun[edit]

haiku m (plural haikus)

  1. haiku

Further reading[edit]