causal-final

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English[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

causal-final (not comparable)

  1. (linguistics) Pertaining to any case that indicates the intention of achieving a specific final result.
    • 1982, László Dezső, Typological Studies in Old Serbo-Croatian Syntax, page 210:
      The abstract relationship between locative-temporal and causal-final adverbials is well reflected in their realization in the case system.
    • 1988, Gerd Haverling, Studies on Symmachus' Language and Style, page 201:
      There is, from Early Latin onwards, a causal-final use of the preposition de with adjectives like lassus and sollicitus.
    • 1996, H Steinhauer, Papers in Austronesian Linguistics - Volume 3, page 197:
      ...everywhere include: benefactive (i.e. the action denoted by the suffix-bearing verb is carried out for the benefit of someone e.g. 'buy for someone'); instrumental (e.g. 'wash with something'); comitative (especially with the semantic shade of taking or carrying somebody, or something, with oneself when moving (e.g. when flying away); also various other situations of doing something together with somebody or something), and causal-final (i.e. the action is carried out because of something, in view of something, or for something, in order that some event might take place, etc.).
    • 2007, Gergely Toth, Linguistic Interference and First-language Attrition, ISBN 0820463485:
      The causal-final noun suffix -ért 'for' surfaces in the next sample, in place of an allative -hoz or, alternatively, illative -ba, both 'to'.
    • 2013, Carol H. Rounds, Hungarian: An Essential Grammar, ISBN 1134589360, page 116:
      The demonstrative pronoun in the causal-final case azért 'for the (following) reason' introduces clauses of purpose.
  2. Goal-oriented; purposeful as opposed to prescribed.
    • 1972, Psychiatria Fennica: Finnish Psychiatry, page 110:
      Generalising slightly it can thus be said that the organic process has its causal-final explanation and the meaning relationship manifested within the sphere of intentionality has its own structural history.
    • 1997, J. Peter Burgess, Cultural Politics and Political Culture in Postmodern Europe, ISBN 9042003170, page 76:
      The second type of sustained agency engages a veto by excluding a certain number of causal-final acts, which would be out of place, from the calibrated acts of ritual performance.
    • 2012, Ann Crabbé & ‎Pieter Leroy, The Handbook of Environmental Policy Evaluation, ISBN 1849773076, page 55:
      This substep is not so different from the previous one. Van de Graaf and Hoppe (2000) distinguish between causal–final and normative arguments.

Noun[edit]

causal-final (uncountable)

  1. (grammar) The causal-final case. This case in the Hungarian language combines the causal case and the final case. It can express the cause of emotions (e.g. value someone for something) or the goal of actions (e.g. "kenyérért" for bread).