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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
句-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

句-oracle.svg 句-bronze.svg 句-bigseal.svg 句-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

The now resembles the unrelated .

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 心口 (PR), four-corner 27620, composition)

  1. sentence
  2. measuring word or sentence

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 171, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3234
  • Dae Jaweon: page 382, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 571, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53E5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (句), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 其俱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨo/ /gi̯u/ /ɡio/ /ɡio/ /guə̆/ /ɡĭu/ /ɡio/
Character (句), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古侯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kəu/ /kə̯u/ /ku/ /kəu/ /kəw/ /kəu/ /kəu/
Character (句), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 九遇切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨoH/ /ki̯uH/ /kioH/ /kioH/ /kuə̆H/ /kĭuH/ /kioH/
Character (句), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古候切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuH/ /kə̯uH/ /kuH/ /kəuH/ /kəwH/ /kəuH/ /kəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gōu ‹ kuw › /*[k]ˤ(r)o/ curved
gòu ‹ kuwH › /*[k]ˤ(r)ok-s/ loan for 彀 draw a bow to the full
‹ kjuH › /*[k](r)o-s/ phrase

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7064 0 /*koː/
7079 0 /*koːs/
7102 0 /*kos/ 朱駿聲從丩口聲
7108 0 /*ɡo/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. phrase; clause; sentence; passage; paragraph; line; verse; stanza

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu, gwi) (hangeul , , revised gu, gwi, McCune-Reischauer ku, kwi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, câu, cấu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999