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U+62D8, 拘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-62D8

[U+62D7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+62D9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 手心口 (QPR), four-corner 57020, composition)

  1. restrain, seize, detain

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 426, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11963
  • Dae Jaweon: page 774, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1856, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+62D8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
拘-bronze.svg 拘-bigseal.svg 拘-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕy³¹/
Hefei /t͡sz̩ʷ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕy¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕy¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕy³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕy³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕy³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ki⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰøy⁵³/
Nanning /kʰy⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kʰøy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ku⁵⁵/
/kʰu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ky⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuə̆/
Li
Rong
/kio/
Wang
Li
/kĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7093
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ko/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(câu)

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