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See also: 豿
U+72D7, 狗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72D7

[U+72D6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72D8]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
狗-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹心口 (KHPR), four-corner 47220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 709, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1341, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+72D7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu bamboo and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
狗-silk.svg 狗-seal.svg 狗-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Etymology[edit]

From some language ancestral to modern Hmong-Mien languages, from Proto-Hmong-Mien *qluwˣ (dog), perhaps from Proto-Austronesian *(u-)(ŋ)kuɣkuɣ (dog).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • káu - vernacular;
  • kó͘/kió - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/
Li
Rong
/kuX/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˤroʔ/
English dog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7068
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dog (Classifier: ; )
  2. (offensive) despicable; nasty
    男女  ―  gǒu nánnǚ  ―  couple in an illicit love affair
  3. to flatter
  4. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“dog”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Jinan
Muping 狗子
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan 狗子狗狗 childish來富 dated
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 狗子
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong 狗子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Luchuan
Changting
Yudu 狗子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 狗仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 狗仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 狗兒
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 狗仔
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Pingtan
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan 狗仔
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Pingnan
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning
Guilin
Wu Shanghai 汪汪狗 childish
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 𡀿𡀿 childish
Chongming
Danyang 狗子
Jinhua
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. puppy, dog
  2. a sentinel
  3. a snoop or spy
  4. useless, wasteful

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 3565
  • Halpern: 345
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 2341
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3g5.5
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.


Kanji in this term
いぬ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana いぬ, katakana イヌ, rōmaji inu)

  1. Alternative spelling of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cẩu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.