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U+72D7, 狗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72D7

[U+72D6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72D8]
See also: 豿

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
狗-bw.png
Stroke order
狗-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
狗-silk.svg 狗-bigseal.svg 狗-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹心口 (KHPR), four-corner 47220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 709, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1341, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+72D7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From some language ancestral to modern Hmong-Mien languages, from Proto-Hmong-Mien *qluwˣ(dog), perhaps from Proto-Austronesian *(u-)(ŋ)kuɣkuɣ(dog).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • káu - vernacular;
  • kó͘/kió - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/
Li
Rong
/kuX/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˤroʔ/
English dog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7068
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dog   (Classifier: ; )
  2. (offensive) despicable; nasty
    男女  ―  gǒu nánnǚ  ―  couple in an illicit love affair
  3. to flatter
  4. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“dog”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 狗子來富
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 狗仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 狗仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 狗兒
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei 狗仔
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. puppy, dog
  2. a sentinel
  3. a snoop or spy
  4. useless, wasteful

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 3565
  • Halpern: 345
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: 2341
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3g5.5
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.
Kanji in this term
いぬ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana いぬ, katakana イヌ, romaji inu)

  1. Alternative spelling of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cẩu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.