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See also: 豿
U+72D7, 狗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72D7

[U+72D6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72D8]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
狗-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹心口 (KHPR), four-corner 47220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 709, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1341, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+72D7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
狗-silk.svg 狗-seal.svg 狗-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Etymology[edit]

From some language ancestral to modern Hmong-Mien languages, from Proto-Hmong-Mien *qluwˣ (dog), perhaps from Proto-Austronesian *(u-)(ŋ)kuɣkuɣ (dog).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ě - vernacular;
  • gě - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • káu - vernacular;
    • kó͘/kió - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kəuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kəuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gǒu
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.kˤroʔ/
    English dog

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7068
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dog (Classifier: m c;  m)
    2. (offensive) despicable; nasty
      男女  ―  gǒu nánnǚ  ―  couple in an illicit love affair
    3. to flatter
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“dog”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Muping 狗子
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 狗子狗狗 childish來富 dated
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou 狗子
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Nantong 狗子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Yudu 狗子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 狗仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 狗仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 狗兒
    Xinzhou
    Min Bei Jian'ou 狗仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Pingtan
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan 狗仔
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai 汪汪狗 childish
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou 𡀿𡀿 childish
    Chongming
    Danyang 狗子
    Jinhua
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():

    References[edit]

    • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. puppy, dog
    2. a sentinel
    3. a snoop or spy
    4. useless, wasteful

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 3565
    • Halpern: 345
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: 2341
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3g5.5
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.


    Kanji in this term
    いぬ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (counter , hiragana いぬ, katakana イヌ, rōmaji inu)

    1. Alternative spelling of

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gu) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cẩu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.