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U+539A, 厚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-539A

[U+5399]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+539B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 27, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一日弓木 (MAND), four-corner 71247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 161, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2949
  • Dae Jaweon: page 368, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 72, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+539A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
厚-oracle.svg 厚-bronze.svg 厚-seal.svg 厚-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 𣆪.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gâu - colloquial;
  • hâiu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hiǒ/hō͘ - literary;
    • kǎu/kāu - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xou⁵¹/
    Harbin /xou⁵³/
    Tianjin /xou⁵³/
    Jinan /xou²¹/
    Qingdao /xou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xou³¹²/
    Xi'an /xou⁴⁴/
    Xining /xɯ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /xəu¹³/
    Lanzhou /xou¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤu²¹³/
    Wuhan /xəu³⁵/
    Chengdu /xəu¹³/
    Guiyang /xəu²¹³/
    Kunming /xəu²¹²/
    Nanjing /xəɯ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /xɯ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəu⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xəu³⁵/
    Hohhot /xəu⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦɤ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦɤ³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦei¹³/
    Wenzhou /gau³⁵/
    /ɦau³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /xiu³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕiu²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /xəu⁵⁵/
    /xəu¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɦəɯ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /hɛu²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /heu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /heu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu²³/
    Nanning /hɐu²⁴/
    Hong Kong /hɐu¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ²²/
    /kau²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑu²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ke⁴²/
    /xe⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kau³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔu³³/
    /hɔu³⁵/
    /kau³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (33) (33)
    Final () (137) (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦəuX/ /ɦəuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦəuX/ /ɦəuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣəuX/ /ɣəuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəwX/ /ɦəwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuX/ /ɣuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣəuX/ /ɣəuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣə̯uX/ /ɣə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hòu hòu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hòu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ huwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.[ɡ]ˁ(r)oʔ/
    English thick

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 5176 5177
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𠋫
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoːʔ/ /*ɡoːs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. thick
    2. large; substantial; deep
    3. rich; strong
    4. generous; kind
    5. thickness; depth
    6. greatly
    7. (Min Nan) many; much
    8. () Hou (a town in Lantian, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China)


    Antonyms[edit]

    • (, “thin”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. thick
    2. heavy
    3. kind

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana あつし, rōmaji Atsushi)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hu) (hangeul , revised hu, McCune–Reischauer hu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hậu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.