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U+5BF8, 寸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5BF8

[U+5BF7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5BF9]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
寸-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 41 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木戈 (DI), four-corner 40300)

  1. Kangxi radical #41, .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 293, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7411
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BF8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
寸-bronze.svg 寸-silk.svg 寸-bigseal.svg 寸-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰuːn
*sʰuːnʔ
*sʰuːnʔ
*sʰuːns

Ideogram (指事) – a position on the forearm where the pulse can be palpated by compressing the radial artery. It is called 寸口 in modern Chinese and the meaning of a unit of measurement is derived from the distance between the wrist and this position. Compare , , .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhùn - literary;
  • chhǹg - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwənH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuənH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cùn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cùn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshwonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤu[n]-s/
English thumb; inch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1913
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (units of measure) A cun or Chinese inch, a traditional unit of length of aboutcm.
    1. (Mainland China) Short for 市寸.
    2. (Hong Kong) Legally defined as the tsun of 3.71475 cm.
  2. (informal) Short for 英寸 (yīngcùn, “inch”).
  3. (figuratively) very short or little
  4. (traditional Chinese medicine) cunkou pulse; radial artery pulse at the wrist
  5. (Mandarin, colloquial) coincidental; unbelievable; opportune
  6. A surname​.

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (fēn, “110 cun”)
  • (chǐ, “10 cun”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. measurement

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すん, rōmaji sun)

  1. sun (a Japanese length measurement equivalent to 10 bu () or approximately 3.03 cm)

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

(chon)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: chon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'on, Yale: chon)
    • Name (hangeul): 마디 (revised: madi, McCune-Reischauer: madi, Yale: mati)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. Hanja form? of , “a chi, a Korean inch”.

Pronunciation 3[edit]

(don) (hangeul , revised don, McCune-Reischauer ton, Yale tōn)

  1. Hanja form? of , “a don, a small Korean unit of weight”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thốn, dón, són, thuỗn, xốn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.