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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
寸-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
寸-bronze.svg 寸-bigseal.svg 寸-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – a position on the forearm where the pulse can be palpated by compressing the radial artery. It is called 寸口 in modern Chinese and the meaning of a unit of measurement is derived from the distance between the wrist and this position. Compare , , .

Han character[edit]

(radical 41 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木戈 (DI), four-corner 40300)

  1. an ancient length unit
  2. inch
  3. short
  4. small, tiny
  5. radical number 41

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 293, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7411
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BF8

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (寸), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 倉困切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuənH/ /t͡sʰuənH/ /t͡sʰuənH/ /t͡sʰuonH/ /t͡sʰwənH/ /t͡sʰuənH/ /t͡sʰuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cùn ‹ tshwonH › /*[tsʰ]ˤu[n]-s/ thumb; inch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1913 2 /*sʰuːns/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Hong Kong) tsun, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as equal to 0.1 chek () or 0.0371475 metres ()
  2. (slang, North American Cantonese) an inch in Imperial units or US units
  3. (Taiwan) a unit of length, approximately 3 cm

References[edit]

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #202”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すん, romaji sun)

  1. sun (a Japanese length measurement equivalent to 10 bu () or approximately 3.03 cm)

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'on, Yale: chon)
  • Name (hangeul): 마디 (revised: madi, McCune-Reischauer: madi, Yale: mati)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thốn, dón, són, thuỗn, xốn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.