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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
寸-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
寸-bronze.svg 寸-silk.svg 寸-bigseal.svg 寸-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – a position on the forearm where the pulse can be palpated by compressing the radial artery. It is called 寸口 in modern Chinese and the meaning of a unit of measurement is derived from the distance between the wrist and this position. Compare , , .

Han character[edit]

(radical 41 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木戈 (DI), four-corner 40300)

  1. an ancient length unit
  2. inch
  3. short
  4. small, tiny
  5. Kangxi radical #41, ‎(inch).

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 293, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7411
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 503, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5BF8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰuənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰuonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰwənH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰuənH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cùn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cùn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshwonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]ˤu[n]-s/
English thumb; inch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1913
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰuːns/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Hong Kong) tsun, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as equal to 0.1 chek ( (chǐ)) or 0.0371475 metres ( ())
  2. (slang, North American Cantonese) an inch in Imperial units or US units
  3. (Taiwan) a unit of length, approximately 3 cm

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. measurement

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すん, romaji sun)

  1. sun (a Japanese length measurement equivalent to 10 bu () or approximately 3.03 cm)

Coordinate terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'on, Yale: chon)
  • Name (hangeul): 마디 (revised: madi, McCune-Reischauer: madi, Yale: mati)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thốn, dón, són, thuỗn, xốn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.