Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+4ED8, 付
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED8

[U+4ED7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4ED9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人木戈 (ODI), four-corner 24200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 373
  • Dae Jaweon: page 196, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 112, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4ED8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
付-bronze.svg 付-seal.svg 付-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*bu
*po, *bos
*po
*poʔ
*poʔ
*poʔ
*pos
*pos
*pʰo
*pʰo, *bo
*pʰo
*pʰo
*pʰoʔ
*pʰoʔ
*bo
*bo
*bo, *bos
*boʔ
*bos
*bos
*bos
*bos
*bos
*bos

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (hand) – deliver 寸 to a person 人 (亻).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puə̆H/
Li
Rong
/pioH/
Wang
Li
/pĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*p(r)o-s/
English give

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3512
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pos/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to give; to deliver; to hand over
  2. to pay
  3. to entrust
  4. Alternative form of (, “a pair; a set; a classifier for facial expressions”).
  5. A surname​.
See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of ().

Usage notes[edit]

was included as the simplified form of in the second round of simplification in 1977. The current standard in Mainland China, the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters (通用规范汉字表), does not mention that is a simplification of . A Dictionary of Current Chinese (现代汉语词典) and the Xinhua Dictionary (新华字典) list as a separate entry from (unlike other variants, which are usually put beside the main character in parentheses) and define as a common variant for , while A Standard Dictionary of Current Chinese (现代汉语规范词典) proscribes the use of as the simplified form of .

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“secondary, auxiliary; adverb; etc.”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 付ける (tsukeru): attach, affix
  • 付ける (-tsukeru): be accustomed to
  • 付ける (-zukeru): give, impart
  • 付け (tsuke): bill, account
  • 付け (tsuke-): attached, fixed
  • 付け (-tsuke): one's favorite
  • 付け (-zuke): attaching, affixing
  • 付く (tsuku): be attached
  • 付く (-zuku): gain, become
  • 付き (tsuki): ability to stick
  • 付き (-tsuki): with, including
  • 付き (-zuki): attached to
  • 付加 (fuka): addition, annexation
  • 付記 (fuki): addition, appendix, note
  • 付近 (fukin): neighborhood, vicinity
  • 付言 (fugen): saying in addition, postscript
  • 付図 (fuzu): attached map, plan, diagram or chart
  • 付随 (fuzui): incident to, attaching to, annexed to
  • 付則 (fusoku): additional rules, by-laws
  • 付属 (fuzoku): attached, belonging, included
  • 付帯 (futai): incidental, ancillary, accessory
  • 付着 (fuchaku): sticking to, clinging to, adhesion
  • 付与 (fuyo): grant, allowance, endowment
  • 付録 (furoku): appendix, supplement, annex
  • 還付 (kanpu): return, restoration
  • 寄付 (kifu): contribution, donation
  • 給付 (kyūfu): provision, benefit
  • 交付 (kōfu): delivering, handing over
  • 送付 (sōfu): sending, forwarding
  • 貼付 (chōfu, tenpu): pasting, paste, appending
  • 添付 (tenpu): attachment, appendix
  • 納付 (nōfu): payment, supply
  • 配付 (haifu): distributing, dealing out, apportionment
  • 受付 (uketsuke): reception, information desk
  • 貸付 (kashitsuke): loan
  • 外付 (sotozuke): attached outside, external
  • 番付 (banzuke): ranking of entertainers
  • 日付 (hizuke): date, dating
  • 根付 (netsuke, nezuke): netsuke, small sculptures popular during the Edo period
  • 受付中 (uketsukechū): currently accepting
  • 八日付 (yōkazuke): dated the eighth

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つけ, rōmaji tsuke)

  1. paying on credit

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana づけ, rōmaji -zuke)

  1. dated

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana つき, rōmaji -tsuki)

  1. with, including
    BD (ブルーレイ) (つき)
    burūrei-tsuki
    with Blu-Ray disc included
  2. appearance, state, condition

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana づき, rōmaji -zuki)

  1. attached to

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune–Reischauer pu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phó, phú, pho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]