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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(man) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人戈月戈 (OIBI), four-corner 23242, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 112, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 939
  • Dae Jaweon: page 240, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 201, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5085

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (傅), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 方遇切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨoH/ /pi̯uH/ /pioH/ /pioH/ /puə̆H/ /pĭuH/ /pioH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjuH › /*[b](r)[a]-s/ be attached
‹ pjuH › /*p(r)a(ʔ)-s/ teacher

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3457 0 /*paɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. tutor, teacher
  2. assist
  3. a surname

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phó)

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