Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
語-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
語-bronze.svg 語-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaʔ, *ŋas): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː)

As the original form of () was borrowed for other meanings, a new character was created to represent the original meaning of . This new character was created by combining the original character with the semantic element .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)aʔ/
English speak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13159
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to speak; to say
  2. (of an animal) to chirp; to hoot
  3. speech; language
  4. (linguistics) language
  5. expression; words
  6. saying; proverb; set phrase
  7. movement or signal which transmits information
  8. chirping; tweet

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (31)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɔH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)aʔ-s/
English tell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13165
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to tell; to inform

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. A word.
  2. Speech.
  3. Language.
  4. A term.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -go)

  1. language of, -ese, -ish
     () (ほん) ()‎ ― Nihongo ― Japanese
     (えい) ()‎ ― Eigo ― English
    スペイン ()‎ ― Supeingo ― Spanish

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)
  1. language of, -ese, -ish

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngữ, ngứ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.