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See also:
U+8A9E, 語
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A9E

[U+8A9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A9F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
14 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
語-bronze-spring.svg 語-bronze-warring.svg 語-silk.svg 語-slip.svg 語-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraː, *ŋaː
*ŋraː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
峿 *ŋaː
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaʔ, *ŋas): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • mainstream Taiwanese:
    • gí/gú - vernacular;
    • gú - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨʌX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɔX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɔX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɔX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭoX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯woX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjoX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ(r)aʔ/
    English speak

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13159
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to speak; to say
    2. (of an animal) to chirp; to hoot
    3. speech; language
    4. (linguistics) spoken language (contrary to written language )
    5. expression; words
    6. saying; proverb; set phrase
    7. movement or signal which transmits information
    8. chirping; tweet

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨʌH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiɔH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiɔH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɨə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiɔH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭoH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯woH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjoH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋ(r)aʔ-s/
    English tell

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13165
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋas/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to tell; to inform

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. A word.
    2. Speech.
    3. Language.
    4. A term.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    Middle Chinese

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji go)

    1. word
    2. term

    Synonyms[edit]

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -go)

    1. language of, -ese, -ish
       () (ほん) ()NihongoJapanese
       (えい) ()EigoEnglish
      スペイン ()SupeingoSpanish

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eo) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)

    1. language of, -ese, -ish

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngữ, ngứ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.