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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
語-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口一一口 (YRMMR), four-corner 01661, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35533
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3974, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A9E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
語-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaʔ, *ŋas): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː)

As the original form of () was borrowed for other meanings, a new character was created to represent the original meaning of . This new character was created by combining the original character with the semantic element .

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (22)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɨʌX/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋɨə̆X/ /ŋiɔX/ /ŋĭoX/ /ŋi̯woX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13159 0 /*ŋaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to speak; to say
  2. (of an animal) to chirp; to hoot
  3. speech; language
  4. (linguistics) language
  5. expression; words
  6. saying; proverb; set phrase
  7. movement or signal which transmits information
  8. chirping; tweet

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (22)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɨʌH/ /ŋiɔH/ /ŋiɔH/ /ŋɨə̆H/ /ŋiɔH/ /ŋĭoH/ /ŋi̯woH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13165 0 /*ŋas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to tell; to inform

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. A word.
  2. Speech.
  3. Language.
  4. A term.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -go)

  1. language of, -ese, -ish
    日本 (にほん) ()‎ ― Nihongo ― Japanese
     (えい) ()‎ ― Eigo ― English
    スペイン ()‎ ― Supeingo ― Spanish

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŏ, Yale e)
  1. language of, -ese, -ish

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngữ, ngứ)

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