語尾

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See also: 语尾

Chinese[edit]

 
speech; language; dialect
speech; language; dialect; tell to
tail
trad. (語尾)
simp. (语尾)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

語尾

  1. (grammar) end of a sentence
  2. (grammar) Alternative name for 詞尾词尾 (cíwěi, “suffix; ending”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (gobi

  1. ending (grammar: last morpheme of a word)

Usage notes[edit]

The segmentation of Japanese verbs into a 語幹(ごかん) (gokan, stem) and 語尾(ごび) (gobi, ending) is different in traditional Japanese grammar and modern linguistic analysis.

  • Group I (godan, consonant-stem) verbs have the ending /Cu/ in traditional Japanese grammar, and /u/ in the modern linguistic analysis. Hence 飲む (nomu) is の・む (no-mu) in the former and nom-u in the latter.
  • Group II (ichidan, vowel-stem) verbs have the ending /Ciru/ or /Ceru/ in traditional Japanese grammar, and /ru/ in the modern linguistic analysis. Hence 食べる (taberu) is た・べる (ta-beru) in the former and tabe-ru in the latter. Two-mora verbs such as 見る (miru) cannot be segmented in traditional Japanese grammar.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

語尾 (eomi) (hangeul 어미)

  1. Hanja form? of 어미 (ending (of a word)).