五段活用

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
だん
Grade: 6
かつ
Grade: 2
よう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

A compound of 五段 (godan, quintigrade, five grades) +‎ 活用 (katsuyō, conjugation). An extension of the earlier 四段活用 (yodan katsuyō, quadrigrade conjugation) class. The fifth base, -o, is a pseudo-base derived from the suffix -u attaching to the irrealis conjugation stem that ends in -a, resulting in -au, which phonologically regularly elides into [oː].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

五段活用 (hiragana ごだんかつよう, rōmaji godan katsuyō)

  1. (grammar) a verbal conjugation class consisting of five alternating bases: -a, -i, -u, -e, -o; see Etymology on note about the fifth base -o. Examples:
Irrealis Adverbial Conclusive Attributive Realis Imperative
sak- sak-a sak-i sak-u sak-u sak-e sak-e
kak- kak-a kak-i kak-u kak-u kak-e kak-e
yom- yom-a yom-i yom-u yom-u yom-e yom-e

Related terms[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN