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U+7528, 用
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7528

[U+7527]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7529]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
用-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 101, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 月手 (BQ), four-corner 77220)

  1. Kangxi radical #101, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 755, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21703
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1166, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 97, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7528

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
用-oracle.svg 用-bronze.svg 用-bronze-spring.svg 用-bronze-warring.svg 用-silk.svg 用-slip.svg 用-ancient.svg 用-seal.svg 用-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋ, *loŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ, *l'oːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋs
*l'oːŋ
*ljoŋs
*l̥ʰoŋ, *loŋ
*ɦljoŋ
*ɦljoŋ, *loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋs
*loŋs

Pictogram of a water bucket. Compare .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ēng - vernacular;
  • iōng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /yŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /yŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʐuŋ⁵³/
    /yŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /yŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /yuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /yŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /yə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /yŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ỹn¹³/
    Ürümqi /yŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ioŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /yoŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /ioŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /ioŋ¹/
    Nanjing /ioŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /iŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /yŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /ỹŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /ioŋ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦioŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ²²/
    Hui Shexian /yʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /in¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ioŋ⁵⁵/
    /ioŋ¹¹/
    Xiangtan /in²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /iuŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /iuŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ʒuŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ²²/
    Nanning /juŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /juŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ²²/
    /iŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /øyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /eŋ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zoŋ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨoŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jioŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ioŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /juawŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ioŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭwoŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯woŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yòng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yòng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yowngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*loŋ-s/
    English use (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15460
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*loŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to use; to employ; to operate
    2. use; utility; usefulness
    3. (honorific) to eat; to drink
    4. expenses; outlay
      • /   ―  fèiyòng  ―  cost, expense
      •   ―  yòng  ―  expense
      •   ―  jiāyòng  ―  family expenses
    5. with; by; using

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 3721
    • Halpern: 2976
    • Halpern Learners: 1889
    • Heisig: 1181
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2r3.1
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Usage notes[edit]

    Formerly used as man'yōgana for the back-vowel variant (甲類) of , romanized as yo1.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji )

    1. use (noun)
       () (ぎょう) (よう) (きょう)している () (さん)
      jigyō no ni kyō shite iru shisan
      assets provided for business use
    2. a task, business, an errand
       (こん) (ばん) (よう)があるから ()かける。
      Konban ga aru kara dekakeru.
      I'll be out this evening because I have an errand.

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana よう, rōmaji -yō)

    1. for the use of, for the purpose of
       () (てい) (よう) (せっ) (けん) (さん) () (よう)のブーツ
      katei sekken, sanpo no būtsu
      soap for household use, boots for [the purpose of] walking

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yong) (hangeul )

    1. (쓸모): use, usage, utility, worth

    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (dụng, dùng, giùm, rùng, dộng, đụng, giùng, rụng, vùng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.