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See also:
U+9C45, 鱅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9C45

[U+9C44]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9C46]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195, +11, 22 strokes, cangjie input 弓火戈中月 (NFILB), composition)

  1. a kind of tench

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1477, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46460
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2009, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4711, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9C45

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋ, *loŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ, *l'oːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋʔ
*l̥ʰoːŋs
*l'oːŋ
*ljoŋs
*l̥ʰoŋ, *loŋ
*ɦljoŋ
*ɦljoŋ, *loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋs
*loŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljoŋ, *loŋ): semantic  (fish) + phonetic  (OC *loŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (36) (25)
Final () (7) (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨoŋ/ /d͡ʑɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jioŋ/ /d͡ʑioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ioŋ/ /d͡ʑioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawŋ/ /d͡ʑuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ioŋ/ /ʑioŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭwoŋ/ /ʑĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯woŋ/ /ʑi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóng chóng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15439 15445
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljoŋ/ /*loŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a kind of fish that makes the sound of a pig
  2. bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 鱅魚 (“bighead carp”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 鱅魚
Mandarin Beijing 胖頭魚
Harbin 胖頭魚, 胖頭
Jinan 胖頭魚, 大頭魚
Muping 花鰱
Luoyang 大頭魚
Xuzhou 大頭魚, 大頭鰱子
Yinchuan 花鰱
Wuhan 胮頭魚
Liuzhou 大頭魚, 胖頭魚
Nanjing 花鰱, 皂鰱, 大頭鰱, 大頭魚
Cantonese Guangzhou 大魚, 大頭魚, 大頭, 鱅魚
Hong Kong 大魚
Dongguan 鱅魚, 大頭鱅
Gan Pingxiang 胖頭魚
Hakka Meixian 鱅仔
Yudu 鱅子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 大頭鰱
Liudui (S. Sixian) 大頭鰱
Hsinchu (Hailu) 大頭鰱
Dongshi (Dabu) 大頭鰱
Hsinchu (Raoping) 大頭鰱
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 大頭鰱
Huizhou Jixi 胖頭
Jin Taiyuan 胖頭魚
Min Bei Jian'ou 冇頭魚, 冇頭
Min Nan Xiamen 大頭鰱
Quanzhou 大頭鰱
Zhangzhou 大頭鰱, 烏魴
Singapore 松魚
Chaozhou 大頭鱅
Shantou 大頭鱅, , 鱅魚
Leizhou 大頭鱅, 大頭魚
Pinghua Nanning 大頭魚, 蟲魚
Wu Shanghai 花鰱, 胖頭魚
Suzhou 花鰱
Wenzhou 花鰱
Chongming 黃連頭
Danyang 大頭魚, 花鰱
Jinhua 大頭魚, 松鰱, 松鰱頭
Tangxi 大頭松
Ningbo 胖頭魚
Xiang Loudi 鱅魚

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): しょう (shō); じゅ (ju); (yu); よう ()
  • Kun: このしろ (konoshiro)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yong) (hangeul , revised yong, McCune–Reischauer yong, Yale yong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.