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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人月手 (OBQ), four-corner 27220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 100, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 539
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F63

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (傭), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 餘封切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨoŋ/ /i̯woŋ/ /ioŋ/ /jioŋ/ /juawŋ/ /jĭwoŋ/ /ioŋ/
Character (傭), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 徹 (10)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 丑凶切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰɨoŋ/ /ȶʰi̯woŋ/ /ȶʰioŋ/ /ʈʰioŋ/ /ʈʰuawŋ/ /ȶʰĭwoŋ/ /ȶʰioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yōng ‹ yowng › /*loŋ/ hire

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15461 0 /*loŋs/ 用的今分化字

Definitions[edit]

  1. commission fee