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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *loŋʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *loŋʔ) + semantic  ‎(strong) – brave and strong.

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓月大尸 (NBKS), four-corner 17427, composition)

  1. brave, courageous, fierce

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 147, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2360
  • Dae Jaweon: page 332, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 372, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+52C7

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yŋ²¹⁴/
Harbin /yŋ²¹³/
Tianjin /ʐuŋ¹³/
/yŋ¹³/
Jinan /yŋ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iŋ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /yuŋ⁵³/
Xi'an /yŋ⁵³/
Xining /yə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /yŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ỹn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /yŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ioŋ⁴²/
Chengdu /yoŋ⁵³/
Guiyang /ioŋ⁴²/
Kunming /ioŋ/
Nanjing /ioŋ²¹²/
Hefei /iŋ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /yəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /yŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ỹŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ioŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /ioŋ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔioŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /j̠yɔ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /in³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ioŋ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /in⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /iuŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /iuŋ³¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ²³/
Nanning /juŋ²⁴/
Hong Kong /juŋ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ioŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zoŋ²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawŋX/
Li
Rong
/ioŋX/
Wang
Li
/jĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*loŋʔ/
English brave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15449
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*loŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. courage

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いさむ, romaji Isamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yong) (hangeul , revised yong, McCune-Reischauer yong, Yale yong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dũng, xõng, dõng, rụng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]