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See also:
U+7537, 男
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7537

[U+7536]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7538]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
男-oracle.svg 男-bronze.svg 男-bronze-spring.svg 男-silk.svg 男-seal.svg 男-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (field) +  (strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural labour.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lam5 - Chaozhou;
  • nam5 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (159)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nʌm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nəm/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɒm/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nəm/
    Li
    Rong
    /nᴀm/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɒm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /năm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    nán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    nán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nom ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁ[ə]m/
    English man, male

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9354
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nuːm/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. man; male
        ―  nánrén  ―  man
        ―  nánhái  ―  boy
    2. son
      /   ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
    3. baron, lowest of five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位) under the Zhou dynasty
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (gōng, “male (of animals)”)

    Antonyms[edit]

    • (, “female”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. man
    2. son
    3. baron

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おとこ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨woto2ko1 → */wotəkʷo//wotoko//otoko/

    From Old Japanese.

    Derived from おと (oto, cognate with Old Japanese 復つ (wotu → otsu), “to become young) +‎ (ko, child).

    Compare 少女 (otome, young woman).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おとこ, rōmaji otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

    1. a man
      Antonym: (onna)
    2. a male
      Synonym: (osu)
    3. a male lover
      Synonyms: 愛人 (aijin), 情人 (jōjin, jōnin), 情夫 (jōfu)
    4. a manservant
      Synonym: 下男 (genan)
    5. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
    6. (obsolete) an unmarried young man
    7. (colloquial) homosexuality
      Synonyms: 男色 (nanshoku), 若道 (nyakudō)
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]
    Proverbs[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana おとこ, rōmaji Otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    /wo//o/

    From Old Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

    1. a man
      • 711-712, Kojiki (poem 5)
        ... () () () () () () () () () ()... [Man'yōgana]
        ... ()こそはにいませば... [Modern spelling]
        na koso wa o ni imaseba
        (please add an English translation of this example)
      Antonym: (me)
    2. a husband
      Synonym: (otto)
      Antonym: (me)
    3. a male
      Antonym: , , (me)
    4. something large, powerful, or otherwise masculine
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おのこ
    Grade: 1
    Irregular

    Compound of (o, male, see above) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おのこ, rōmaji onoko, historical hiragana をのこ)

    1. a boy
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    なん
    Grade: 1
    goon

    /nam//namʉ//naɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nʌm).

    The goon reading, so likely initial borrowing.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana なん, rōmaji nan)

    1. a man
      Synonym: 男性 (dansei)
    2. a son
      Synonyms: (segare), 息子 (musuko)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    だん
    Grade: 1
    kan’on

    /dam//damʉ//daɴ/

    From Middle Chinese (MC nʌm).

    The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana だん, rōmaji dan)

    1. a man
    2. a son
    3. a young man, especially one who reached adulthood
      Synonyms: 壮丁 (sōtei), 若者 (wakamono)
    4. (historical) a baron
      Synonym: 男爵 (danshaku)

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana だん, rōmaji Dan)

    1. a male given name

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 사내 (sanae nam))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

    1. man

    Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

    1. man

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana ゐきが, romaji wikiga)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ゐきが, romaji wikiga)

    1. man

    Derived terms[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: nam[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: nam[1][2]

    1. Hán tự form of nam (man; male).

    References[edit]


    Yoron[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

    1. man