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See also:
U+7537, 男
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7537

[U+7536]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7538]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes
Japanese stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田大尸 (WKS), four-corner 60427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 759, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21730
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1169, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2529, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7537

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
男-oracle.svg 男-bronze.svg 男-bronze-spring.svg 男-silk.svg 男-seal.svg 男-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (field) +  (strength) – man providing the strength for agricultural labour.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (8)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəm/
Li
Rong
/nᴀm/
Wang
Li
/nɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/năm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
nán
Middle
Chinese
‹ nom ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤ[ə]m/
English man, male

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9354
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nuːm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. man; male
      ―  nánrén  ―  man
      ―  nánhái  ―  boy
  2. son
    /   ―  zhǎngnán  ―  eldest son
  3. baron, lowest of five ranks of Chinese aristocracy (五等爵位) under the Zhou dynasty
  4. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (gōng, “male (of animals)”)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (, “female”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おとこ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/woto2ko1/: [wotwoko] → [wotoko] → [otoko]. Cognate with the verb wot- "to become young" with ko as a male suffix. See also 乙女 (otome), 息子 (musuko), (hiko).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おとこ, rōmaji otoko, historical hiragana をとこ)

  1. man; male person.

Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/wo/: [wo] → [o]. The male equivalent to me "female, woman".

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. male
  2. a man
  3. a husband
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おのこ
Grade: 1
Irregular

/wo2ko1/: [wonwoko] → [wonoko] → onoko. From wo "male" + no2 (genitive) + ko1 "man, child".

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おのこ, rōmaji onoko, historical hiragana をのこ)

  1. a boy

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
なん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (nom).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なん, rōmaji nan)

  1. man
  2. son

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nam)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: nam, Yale: nam)
    • Name (hangeul): 사내
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Kunigami[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いけが, romaji ikega)

  1. man

Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いぃんが, romaji yinga)

  1. man

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana ゐきが, romaji wikiga)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゐきが, romaji wikiga)

  1. man

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nam, khương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yoron[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana をぅいが, romaji wuiga)

  1. man