大夫

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Chinese[edit]

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
husband; man
simp. and trad.
(大夫)
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Pronunciation 1[edit]


Noun[edit]

大夫

  1. (colloquial) doctor (medical doctor)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Noun[edit]

大夫

  1. (archaic, historical) A governmental job title used during the Spring and Autumn period, the Warring States period and the early Chinese dynasties, whose responsibilities encompassed managing royal and court affairs, often translated as "senior official", "high officer" or "great officer".
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (大夫):
  • Japanese: (たい)() (taifu)
  • Korean: 대부 (大夫, daebu)

Proper noun[edit]

大夫

  1. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1

Grade: 4
on’yomi

from Chinese 大夫 (great man). Also written as 太夫.

Noun[edit]

大夫(たいふ) (taifu

  1. (historical) an office in Zhou Dynasty, China.
  2. (historical, in Japan) substitutive style of high ranked courtier, particularly officers in the 5th rank (五位).
  3. (historical, in Japan, also daibu) head of shoku() or (), administrative departments of the imperial court.
  4. (historical) karō (家老)
  5. pine tree (based in an episode Qin Shi Huangdi or the First Emperor of Qin granted a pine tree the dignity of Taifu [1.])
  6. style of Shinto shrine headmaster.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ゆう
Grade: 4
on’yomi Irregular

from taifu (see above)

/taiɸu//taiu//tajuː/

Noun[edit]

大夫(たゆう) (tayū (historical kana たいふ)

  1. (in Noh-theater) iemoto or the head master of shite (シテ) acting family.
  2. (in jōruri/bunraku-theater) style of narrators and shamisen players.
  3. (historical, in Edo period) highest ranked prostitutes at the officially approved prostitution areas, such as, Yoshiwara.
  4. leading actor in a manzai pair
  5. style of Shinto shrine headmaster