大夫

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 4

Etymology 1[edit]

from Chinese 大夫 ("great" + "man"). Also written as 太夫.

Noun[edit]

大夫 (hiragana たいふ, romaji taifu)

  1. (historical) an office in Zhou Dynasty, China.
  2. (historical, in Japan) substitutive style of high ranked courtier, particularly officers in the 5th rank (五位).
  3. (historical, in Japan, also daibu) head of shoku() or (), administrative departments of the imperial court.
  4. (historical) karō (家老)
  5. pine tree (based in an episode Qin Shi Huangdi or the First Emperor of Qin granted a pine tree the dignity of Taifu [1.])
  6. style of Shinto shrine headmaster.

Etymology 2[edit]

from taifu (see above)

Noun[edit]

大夫 (hiragana たゆう, romaji tayū)

  1. (in Noh-theater) iemoto or the head master of shite (シテ) acting family.
  2. (in jōruri/bunraku-theater) style of narrators and shamisen players.
  3. (historical, in Edo period) highest ranked prostitutes at the officially approved prostitution areas, such as, Yoshiwara.
  4. leading actor in a manzai pair
  5. style of Shinto shrine headmaster

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("great") +  ("man").

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin dàifū  →  dàifu (toneless final syllable variant)
Zhuyin ㄉㄞˋ ㄈㄨ  →  ㄉㄞˋ ㄈㄨ˙ (toneless final syllable variant)
IPA (key) /taɪ̯⁵¹ fu⁵⁵/  →  /taɪ̯⁵¹ fu¹/
Audio
(file)

Noun[edit]

大夫 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin dàifu)

  1. (Beginning Mandarin, colloquial) doctor
Synonyms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin dàfū
Zhuyin ㄉㄚˋ ㄈㄨ
IPA (key) /ta̠⁵¹ fu⁵⁵/

Noun[edit]

大夫 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin dàfū)

  1. (historical) A governmental job title used during the Spring and Autumn period, the Warring States period and the early Chinese dynasties, whose responsibilites encompassed managing royal and court affairs.

Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ("great") + ("man")

Noun[edit]

大夫 (traditional and simplified, POJ tāi-hu)

  1. doctor