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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
士-bw.png
Stroke order
士-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Also simplified from , as in .

士 士 士 士
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 33 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 十一 (JM), four-corner 40100, composition)

  1. scholar, gentleman
  2. soldier, non-commissioned officer
  3. A certain Chinese chess (xiangqi) piece

References[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale si6)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sṳ, Guangdong se5 [Meixian], sii6 [Hailu], sii5 [Kwangtung, Siyan], su3 [Bao'an, Dongguan], Hagfa Pinyim si4)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. gentleman
  2. samurai

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shì (shi4), Wade-Giles shih4)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shì)

  1. scholar
    博士, 院士
  2. soldier
    士兵
  3. commendable person, honorific title
    女士, 人士
  4. specialist
    护士 (護士), 助产士 (助產士)
  5. bachelor (in ancient China)
  6. an official rank in ancient China

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shì)

  1. a Chinese surname

Usage notes[edit]

In modern Chinese, 士 is only used in compounds. it is found as individual character only in idiom.
士 is also used for phonetic in foreign names.

威士忌 (whiskey), 巴士 (bus)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-15.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*jrhiə̌)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA sū (su7), Guangdong sy4)

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, sãi, sõi, sỡi)

References[edit]