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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C61
Code point U+8C61
Entity number 象
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C60] [U+8C62]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
象-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

象-oracle.svg 象-bronze.svg 象-bigseal.svg 象-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

This character represents an elephant (see [1] for images of older versions of this character)

Han character[edit]

(radical 152 +5, in Chinese 11 strokes, in Japanese 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓日心人 (NAPO), four-corner 27232)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1195, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1658, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3611, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8C61

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

Gan Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia gan

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (象), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徐兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨɐŋX/ /zi̯aŋX/ /ziaŋX/ /ziɐŋX/ /zɨaŋX/ /zĭaŋX/ /ziɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13664 0 /*ljaŋʔ/

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “Any relation to Burmese ဆင် ‎(hcang), Kalmyk зан ‎(zan), Lao ຊ້າງ ‎(sāng), Mongolian заан ‎(zaan), Shan ၸၢင်ႉ ‎(tsaang), Thai ช้าง ‎(chaang)?”

Noun[edit]

象 (1)
(Chinese Chess) 象 (2)

(classifier /)

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) elephant (mammal)
  2. (Chinese Chess) elephant
  3. (traditional: ) likeness, figure, image

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The passage from the elephant meaning to the likeness meaning is explained like this in the Han Feizi (around 221 BCE): Men rarely see living elephants. As they come by the skeleton of a dead elephant, they imagine its living form according to its features. Therefore it comes to pass that whatever people use for imagining the real is called 象. [1]

Verb[edit]

  1. (traditional: ) to resemble, to be like
  2. (traditional: ) to imitate

Preposition[edit]

  1. (traditional: ) like, such as

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.
  • Notes:
  1. ^ Han Feizi, book 6, text in English and in Chinese

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぞう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/zau//zɔː//zoː/

From Middle Chinese ‎(zjangX, elephant; image, resemblance). Compare modern Cantonese zoeng6.

The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(counter , hiragana ぞう, katakana ゾウ, romaji , historical hiragana ざう)

  1. elephant
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

/sjau//sjɔː//ɕɔː//ɕoː/

From Middle Chinese ‎(zjangX, elephant; image, resemblance). Compare modern Min Nan siōng or Mandarin xiàng.

The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しょう, romaji shō, historical hiragana しやう)

  1. likeness, appearance
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
きさ
Grade: 4
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Cognate with ‎(kisa, wood grain), from the way that ivory also has a grain.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [kisa̠]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きさ, romaji kisa)

  1. (obsolete) elephant
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 7 page 52)
      象 [...] 岐佐 [...] 獣名、似水牛、大耳、長鼻、眼細、牙長者也
    • 970-999, Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
      それより西を行ケば、虎狼ひと山さワぐ所有り。キサ出デてその山をこしつ。

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tượng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.