Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

This character represents an elephant (see [1] for images of older versions of this character)

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
象-bw.png

(radical 152 +5, in Chinese 11 strokes, in Japanese 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓日心人 (NAPO), four-corner 27232)

  1. elephant
  2. ivory
  3. figure, image ()

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1195, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36372
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1658, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3611, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8C61

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping zoeng6, Yale jeung6)


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぞう, romaji )

  1. elephant

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きさ, romaji kisa)

  1. elephant
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 7 page 52)
      象 [...] 岐佐 [...] 獣名、似水牛、大耳、長鼻、眼細、牙長者也
    • 970-999: Utsubo Monogatari (Toshikage)
      それより西を行ケば、虎狼ひと山さワぐ所有り。キサ出デてその山をこしつ。

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)


Mandarin[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xiàng)

  1. elephant
  2. (Chinese Chess) elephant

Synonyms[edit]

  • (elephant in Chinese Chess):

Etymology 1[edit]

From Tai

Noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin xiàng, traditional )

  1. likeness

Etymology 2[edit]

The passage from the elephant meaning to the likeness meaning is explained like this in the Han Feizi (around 221 BCE): Men rarely see living elephants. As they come by the skeleton of a dead elephant, they imagine its living form according to its features. Therefore it comes to pass that whatever people use for imagining the real is called 象. [1]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.
  • Notes:
  1. ^ Han Feizi, book 6, text in English and in Chinese

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ chhiūⁿ)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tượng)