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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
似-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人女戈人 (OVIO), four-corner 28200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 97, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 485
  • Dae Jaweon: page 205, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 127, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4F3C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljɯʔ): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  ‎(OC *lɯʔ) – resemblance between people.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (17)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/zɨX/ /zɨX/ /zieX/ /zɨX/ /ziəX/ /zĭəX/ /ziX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ziX › /*sə.ləʔ/ resemble

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14925 0 /*ljɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. like, resembling
    /   ―  lèi  ―  similar; similar to
      ―  xiāng  ―  similar
  2. Used in conjunction with another adjective in a comparison that the first object/person is in a better position than the second.
    點子一個一個 [MSC, trad.]
    点子一个一个 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā de diǎnzi zhēn duō, yīge hǎo yīge. [Pinyin]
    He has so many ideas, each one better than the next.
  3. as if; it seems that...
      ―    ―  as if

References[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 似的 (shìde, “like”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. becoming
  2. resemble
  3. counterfeit
  4. imitate
  5. suitable

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tự, tợ, tựa, từa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]